TEXAS HANDGUN LICENSE LAWS – CHL-16

TEXAS HANDGUN LICENSE LAWS AND SELECTED STATUTES
2013 – 2014
issued by
Texas Department of Public Safety
Austin, Texas
CHL-16 (revised) June 2014
This publication contains laws created and amended as the result of the passage
of bills by the 83rd Texas Legislature. The changes in the laws contained in
this booklet are effective Sept. 1, 2013, unless otherwise noted. The statutes
provided in this booklet have been downloaded from Texas Statutes Online at
www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us.
Concealed Handgun Licensing MSC 0245
Regulatory Services Division
Texas Department of Public Safety
Mail including payments: Mail without payments:
P.O. Box 15888 P.O. Box 4087
Austin, Texas 78761-5888 Austin, Texas 78773-0245
(512) 424-7293
www.dps.texas.gov
Secured Email
www.dps.texas.gov/rsd/contact
Texas Administrative Code
www.sos.state.tx.us/tac
Texas Legislature Online
www.capitol.state.tx.us
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CONTENTS
Page
Government Code, Chapter 411 ……………………………….. 4
Penal Code ………………………………………………………….. 32
Alcoholic Beverage Code ………………………………………. 54
Civil Practice and Remedies Code ……………………………. 56
Code of Criminal Procedure ……………………………………. 56
Education Code …………………………………………………… 59
Family Code ……………………………………………………….. 62
Health and Safety Code …………………………………………. 64
Human Resource Code …………………………………………. 65
Labor Code ………………………………………………………….65
Local Government Code ………………………………………… 67
Occupations Code ……………………………………………….. 68
Parks and Wildlife Code …………………………………………. 70
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GOVERNMENT CODE
Chapter 411 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY OF THE STATE OF TEXAS
Subchapter D
Administrative Division
GC §411.047. REPORTING RELATED TO CONCEALED HANDGUN
INCIDENTS. (a) The department may maintain statistics on its website related to
responses by law enforcement agencies to incidents in which a person licensed
to carry a handgun under Subchapter H is convicted of an offense only if the
offense is prohibited under Subchapter H or under Title 5, Chapter 29, Chapter
46, or Section 30.02, Penal Code.
(b) Such statistics shall be drawn and reported annually from the Department of
Public Safety computerized criminal history file on persons 21 years of age and
older and shall be compared in numerical and graphical format to all like offenses
committed in the state for the reporting period as a percentage of the total of
such reported offenses.
(c) The department by rule shall adopt procedures for local law enforcement to
make reports to the department described by Subsection (a).

Last amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1146, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.
Subchapter H
License to Carry a Concealed Handgun
GC §411.171. DEFINITIONS. In this subchapter:
(1) Repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302, Sec. 14(1), eff. June 14,
2013.
(2) “Chemically dependent person” means a person who frequently or
repeatedly becomes intoxicated by excessive indulgence in alcohol or uses
controlled substances or dangerous drugs so as to acquire a fixed habit and an
involuntary tendency to become intoxicated or use those substances as often
as the opportunity is presented.
(3) “Concealed handgun” means a handgun, the presence of which is not
openly discernible to the ordinary observation of a reasonable person.
(4) “Convicted” means an adjudication of guilt or, except as provided in
Section 411.1711, an order of deferred adjudication entered against a
person by a court of competent jurisdiction whether or not the imposition of
the sentence is subsequently probated and the person is discharged from
community supervision. The term does not include an adjudication of guilt or
an order of deferred adjudication that has been subsequently:
(A) expunged;
(B) pardoned under the authority of a state or federal official; or
(C) otherwise vacated, set aside, annulled, invalidated, voided, or sealed
under any state or federal law.
(4-a) “Federal judge” means:
(A) a judge of a United States court of appeals;
(B) a judge of a United States district court;
(C) a judge of a United States bankruptcy court; or
(D) a magistrate judge of a United States district court.
(4-b) “State judge” means:
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(A) the judge of an appellate court, a district court, or a county court at law
of this state;
(B) an associate judge appointed under Chapter 201, Family Code; or
(C) a justice of the peace.
(5) “Handgun” has the meaning assigned by Section 46.01, Penal Code.
(6) “Intoxicated” has the meaning assigned by Section 49.01, Penal Code.
(7) “Qualified handgun instructor” means a person who is certified to instruct in
the use of handguns by the department.
(8) Repealed by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, Sec. 9.02(a), eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 14(1), eff. June
14, 2013.
GC § 411.1711. CERTAIN EXEMPTIONS FROM CONVICTIONS. A person is
not convicted, as that term is defined by Section 411.171, if an order of deferred
adjudication was entered against the person on a date not less than 10 years
preceding the date of the person’s application for a license under this subchapter
unless the order of deferred adjudication was entered against the person for:
(1) a felony offense under:
(A) Title 5, Penal Code;
(B) Chapter 29, Penal Code;
(C) Section 25.07 or 25.072, Penal Code; or
(D) Section 30.02, Penal Code, if the offense is punishable under
Subsection (c)(2) or (d) of that section; or
(2) an offense under the laws of another state if the offense contains elements
that are substantially similar to the elements of an offense listed in Subdivision
(1).

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 96 (S.B. 743), Sec. 7, eff. September 1,
2013.
GC §411.172. ELIGIBILITY. (a) A person is eligible for a license to carry a
concealed handgun if the person:
(1) is a legal resident of this state for the six-month period preceding the date
of application under this subchapter or is otherwise eligible for a license under
Section 411.173(a);
(2) is at least 21 years of age;
(3) has not been convicted of a felony;
(4) is not charged with the commission of a Class A or Class B misdemeanor
or equivalent offense, or of an offense under Section 42.01, Penal Code, or
equivalent offense, or of a felony under an information or indictment;
(5) is not a fugitive from justice for a felony or a Class A or Class B
misdemeanor or equivalent offense;
(6) is not a chemically dependent person;
(7) is not incapable of exercising sound judgment with respect to the proper
use and storage of a handgun;
(8) has not, in the five years preceding the date of application, been convicted
of a Class A or Class B misdemeanor or equivalent offense or of an offense
under Section 42.01, Penal Code, or equivalent offense;
(9) is fully qualified under applicable federal and state law to purchase a
handgun;
(10) has not been finally determined to be delinquent in making a child support
payment administered or collected by the attorney general;
(11) has not been finally determined to be delinquent in the payment of a
tax or other money collected by the comptroller, the tax collector of a political
subdivision of the state, or any agency or subdivision of the state;
(12) is not currently restricted under a court protective order or subject to a
restraining order affecting the spousal relationship, other than a restraining
order solely affecting property interests;
(13) has not, in the 10 years preceding the date of application, been
adjudicated as having engaged in delinquent conduct violating a penal law of
the grade of felony; and
(14) has not made any material misrepresentation, or failed to disclose any
material fact, in an application submitted pursuant to Section 411.174.
(b) For the purposes of this section, an offense under the laws of this state,
another state, or the United States is:
(1) except as provided by Subsection (b-1), a felony if the offense, at the time
the offense is committed:
(A) is designated by a law of this state as a felony;
(B) contains all the elements of an offense designated by a law of this state
as a felony; or
(C) is punishable by confinement for one year or more in a penitentiary; and
(2) a Class A misdemeanor if the offense is not a felony and confinement in a
jail other than a state jail felony facility is affixed as a possible punishment.
(b-1) An offense is not considered a felony for purposes of Subsection (b) if, at
the time of a person’s application for a license to carry a concealed handgun, the
offense:
(1) is not designated by a law of this state as a felony; and
(2) does not contain all the elements of any offense designated by a law of this
state as a felony.
(c) An individual who has been convicted two times within the 10-year period
preceding the date on which the person applies for a license of an offense of
the grade of Class B misdemeanor or greater that involves the use of alcohol
or a controlled substance as a statutory element of the offense is a chemically
dependent person for purposes of this section and is not qualified to receive
a license under this subchapter. This subsection does not preclude the
disqualification of an individual for being a chemically dependent person if other
evidence exists to show that the person is a chemically dependent person.
(d) For purposes of Subsection (a)(7), a person is incapable of exercising sound
judgment with respect to the proper use and storage of a handgun if the person:
(1) has been diagnosed by a licensed physician as suffering from a psychiatric
disorder or condition that causes or is likely to cause substantial impairment in
judgment, mood, perception, impulse control, or intellectual ability;
(2) suffers from a psychiatric disorder or condition described by Subdivision
(1) that:
(A) is in remission but is reasonably likely to redevelop at a future time; or
(B) requires continuous medical treatment to avoid redevelopment;
(3) has been diagnosed by a licensed physician, determined by a review
board or similar authority, or declared by a court to be incompetent to manage
the person’s own affairs; or
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(4) has entered in a criminal proceeding a plea of not guilty by reason of
insanity.
(e) The following constitutes evidence that a person has a psychiatric disorder or
condition described by Subsection (d)(1):
(1) involuntary psychiatric hospitalization;
(2) psychiatric hospitalization;
(3) inpatient or residential substance abuse treatment in the preceding fiveyear
period;
(4) diagnosis in the preceding five-year period by a licensed physician that
the person is dependent on alcohol, a controlled substance, or a similar
substance; or
(5) diagnosis at any time by a licensed physician that the person suffers or
has suffered from a psychiatric disorder or condition consisting of or relating to:
(A) schizophrenia or delusional disorder;
(B) bipolar disorder;
(C) chronic dementia, whether caused by illness, brain defect, or brain
injury;
(D) dissociative identity disorder;
(E) intermittent explosive disorder; or
(F) antisocial personality disorder.
(f) Notwithstanding Subsection (d), a person who has previously been diagnosed
as suffering from a psychiatric disorder or condition described by Subsection (d)
or listed in Subsection (e) is not because of that disorder or condition incapable
of exercising sound judgment with respect to the proper use and storage of a
handgun if the person provides the department with a certificate from a licensed
physician whose primary practice is in the field of psychiatry stating that the
psychiatric disorder or condition is in remission and is not reasonably likely to
develop at a future time.
(g) Notwithstanding Subsection (a)(2), a person who is at least 18 years of age
but not yet 21 years of age is eligible for a license to carry a concealed handgun
if the person:
(1) is a member or veteran of the United States armed forces, including a
member or veteran of the reserves or national guard;
(2) was discharged under honorable conditions, if discharged from the United
States armed forces, reserves, or national guard; and
(3) meets the other eligibility requirements of Subsection (a) except for the
minimum age required by federal law to purchase a handgun.
(h) The issuance of a license to carry a concealed handgun to a person eligible
under Subsection (g) does not affect the person’s ability to purchase a handgun
or ammunition under federal law.

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 11.03, eff.
September 1, 2009.
GC §411.173. NON-RESIDENT LICENSE. (a) The department by rule shall
establish a procedure for a person who meets the eligibility requirements of
this subchapter other than the residency requirement established by Section
411.172(a)(1) to obtain a license under this subchapter if the person is a legal
resident of another state or if the person relocates to this state with the intent
to establish residency in this state. The procedure must include payment of a
fee in an amount sufficient to recover the average cost to the department of
obtaining a criminal history record check and investigation on a nonresident
applicant. A license issued in accordance with the procedure established under
this subsection:
(1) remains in effect until the license expires under Section 411.183; and
(2) may be renewed under Section 411.185.
(b) The governor shall negotiate an agreement with any other state that provides
for the issuance of a license to carry a concealed handgun under which a license
issued by the other state is recognized in this state or shall issue a proclamation
that a license issued by the other state is recognized in this state if the attorney
general of the State of Texas determines that a background check of each
applicant for a license issued by that state is initiated by state or local authorities
or an agent of the state or local authorities before the license is issued. For
purposes of this subsection, “background check” means a search of the National
Crime Information Center database and the Interstate Identification Index
maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
(c) The attorney general of the State of Texas shall annually:
(1) submit a report to the governor, lieutenant governor, and speaker of the
house of representatives listing the states the attorney general has determined
qualify for recognition under Subsection (b); and
(2) review the statutes of states that the attorney general has determined
do not qualify for recognition under Subsection (b) to determine the changes
to their statutes that are necessary to qualify for recognition under that
subsection.
(d) The attorney general of the State of Texas shall submit the report required by
Subsection (c)(1) not later than January 1 of each calendar year.

Last amended by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 915 (H.B. 225), Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2005.
GC §411.174. APPLICATION. (a) An applicant for a license to carry a concealed
handgun must submit to the director’s designee described by Section 411.176:
(1) a completed application on a form provided by the department that
requires only the information listed in Subsection (b);
(2) one or more photographs of the applicant that meet the requirements of
the department;
(3) a certified copy of the applicant’s birth certificate or certified proof of age;
(4) proof of residency in this state;
(5) two complete sets of legible and classifiable fingerprints of the applicant
taken by a person appropriately trained in recording fingerprints who is
employed by a law enforcement agency or by a private entity designated by
a law enforcement agency as an entity qualified to take fingerprints of an
applicant for a license under this subchapter;
(6) a nonrefundable application and license fee of $140 paid to the
department;
(7) evidence of handgun proficiency, in the form and manner required by the
department;
(8) an affidavit signed by the applicant stating that the applicant:
(A) has read and understands each provision of this subchapter that creates
an offense under the laws of this state and each provision of the laws of this
state related to use of deadly force; and
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(B) fulfills all the eligibility requirements listed under Section 411.172; and
(9) a form executed by the applicant that authorizes the director to make an
inquiry into any noncriminal history records that are necessary to determine the
applicant’s eligibility for a license under Section 411.172(a).
(b) An applicant must provide on the application a statement of the applicant’s:
(1) full name and place and date of birth;
(2) race and sex;
(3) residence and business addresses for the preceding five years;
(4) hair and eye color;
(5) height and weight;
(6) driver’s license number or identification certificate number issued by the
department;
(7) criminal history record information of the type maintained by the
department under this chapter, including a list of offenses for which the
applicant was arrested, charged, or under an information or indictment and the
disposition of the offenses; and
(8) history, if any, of treatment received by, commitment to, or residence in:
(A) a drug or alcohol treatment center licensed to provide drug or alcohol
treatment under the laws of this state or another state, but only if the
treatment, commitment, or residence occurred during the preceding five
years; or
(B) a psychiatric hospital.
(b-1) The application must provide space for the applicant to:
(1) list any military service that may qualify the applicant to receive a license
with a veteran’s designation under Section 411.179(e); and
(2) include proof required by the department to determine the applicant’s
eligibility to receive that designation.
(c) The department shall distribute on request a copy of this subchapter and
application materials.
(d) The department may not request or require an applicant to provide the
applicant’s social security number as part of an application under this section.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 665 (H.B. 1349), Sec. 2, eff. January 1,
2014.
GC §411.175. PROCEDURES FOR SUBMITTING FINGERPRINTS. The
department shall establish procedures for the submission of legible and
classifiable fingerprints by an applicant for a license under this subchapter who:
(1) is required to submit those fingerprints to the department, including an
applicant under Section 411.199, 411.1991, or 411.201; and
(2) resides in a county having a population of 46,000 or less and does not
reside within a 25-mile radius of a facility with the capability to process digital or
electronic fingerprints.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 874 (H.B. 698), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2013.
GC §411.176. REVIEW OF APPLICATION MATERIALS. (a) On receipt
of application materials by the department at its Austin headquarters, the
department shall conduct the appropriate criminal history record check of the
applicant through its computerized criminal history system. Not later than the
30th day after the date the department receives the application materials,
the department shall forward the materials to the director’s designee in the
geographical area of the applicant’s residence so that the designee may conduct
the investigation described by Subsection (b). For purposes of this section, the
director’s designee may be a noncommissioned employee of the department.
(b) The director’s designee as needed shall conduct an additional criminal
history record check of the applicant and an investigation of the applicant’s local
official records to verify the accuracy of the application materials.The director’s
designee may access any records necessary for purposes of this subsection.
The scope of the record check and the investigation are at the sole discretion
of the department, except that the director’s designee shall complete the record
check and investigation not later than the 60th day after the date the department
receives the application materials. The department shall send a fingerprint card
to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for a national criminal history check of the
applicant. On completion of the investigation, the director’s designee shall return
all materials and the result of the investigation to the appropriate division of the
department at its Austin headquarters.
(c) The director’s designee may submit to the appropriate division of the
department, at the department’s Austin headquarters, along with the application
materials a written recommendation for disapproval of the application,
accompanied by an affidavit stating personal knowledge or naming persons with
personal knowledge of a ground for denial under Section 411.172. The director’s
designee may also submit the application and the recommendation that the
license be issued.
(d) On receipt at the department’s Austin headquarters of the application
materials and the result of the investigation by the director’s designee,
the department shall conduct any further record check or investigation the
department determines is necessary if a question exists with respect to the
accuracy of the application materials or the eligibility of the applicant, except that
the department shall complete the record check and investigation not later than
the 180th day after the date the department receives the application materials
from the applicant.

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 11.05, eff.
September 1, 2009.
GC §411.177. ISSUANCE OR DENIAL OF LICENSE. (a) The department shall
issue a license to carry a concealed handgun to an applicant if the applicant
meets all the eligibility requirements and submits all the application materials.
The department shall administer the licensing procedures in good faith so that
any applicant who meets all the eligibility requirements and submits all the
application materials shall receive a license. The department may not deny an
application on the basis of a capricious or arbitrary decision by the department.
(b) The department shall, not later than the 60th day after the date of the receipt
by the director’s designee of the completed application materials:
(1) issue the license;
(2) notify the applicant in writing that the application was denied:
(A) on the grounds that the applicant failed to qualify under the criteria listed
in Section 411.172;
(B) based on the affidavit of the director’s designee submitted to the
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department under Section 411.176(c); or
(C) based on the affidavit of the qualified handgun instructor submitted to
the department under Section 411.188(k); or
(3) notify the applicant in writing that the department is unable to make a
determination regarding the issuance or denial of a license to the applicant
within the 60-day period prescribed by this subsection and include in that
notification an explanation of the reason for the inability and an estimation of
the amount of time the department will need to make the determination.
(c) Failure of the department to issue or deny a license for a period of more than
30 days after the department is required to act under Subsection (b) constitutes
denial.
(d) A license issued under this subchapter is effective from the date of issuance.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 5, eff. June 14,
2013.
GC §411.178. NOTICE TO LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT. On request of a local
law enforcement agency, the department shall notify the agency of the licenses
that have been issued to license holders who reside in the county in which the
agency is located.

Last amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1189, Sec. 14, eff. September 1, 1999.
GC §411.179. FORM OF LICENSE.
Text of subsection as amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B.
3142), Sec. 6
(a) The department by rule shall adopt the form of the license. A license must
include:
(1) a number assigned to the license holder by the department;
(2) a statement of the period for which the license is effective;
(3) a color photograph of the license holder;
(4) the license holder’s full name, date of birth, hair and eye color, height,
weight, and signature;
(5) the license holder’s residence address or, as provided by Subsection (d),
the street address of the courthouse in which the license holder or license
holder’s spouse serves as a federal judge or the license holder serves as a
state judge; and
(6) the number of a driver’s license or an identification certificate issued to the
license holder by the department.
Text of subsection as amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 396 (S.B. 164),
Sec. 2
(a) The department by rule shall adopt the form of the license. A license must
include:
(1) a number assigned to the license holder by the department;
(2) a statement of the period for which the license is effective;
(3) a statement of the category or categories of handguns the license holder
may carry as provided by Subsection (b);
(4) a color photograph of the license holder;
(5) the license holder’s full name, date of birth, hair and eye color, height,
weight, and signature;
(6) the license holder’s residence address or, as provided by Subsection (d),
the street address of the courthouse in which the license holder or license
holder’s spouse serves as a federal judge or the license holder serves as a
state judge;
(7) the number of a driver’s license or an identification certificate issued to the
license holder by the department; and
(8) the designation “VETERAN” if required under Subsection (e).
(b) Repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302, Sec. 14(2), eff. June 14,
2013.
(c) In adopting the form of the license under Subsection (a), the department
shall establish a procedure for the license of a qualified handgun instructor or
of a judge, justice, prosecuting attorney, or assistant prosecuting attorney, as
described by Section 46.15(a)(4) or (6), Penal Code, to indicate on the license
the license holder’s status as a qualified handgun instructor or as a judge, justice,
district attorney, criminal district attorney, or county attorney. In establishing the
procedure, the department shall require sufficient documentary evidence to
establish the license holder’s status under this subsection.
(d) In adopting the form of the license under Subsection (a), the department
shall establish a procedure for the license of a federal judge, a state judge,
or the spouse of a federal judge or state judge to omit the license holder’s
residence address and to include, in lieu of that address, the street address of
the courthouse in which the license holder or license holder’s spouse serves as a
federal judge or state judge. In establishing the procedure, the department shall
require sufficient documentary evidence to establish the license holder’s status
as a federal judge, a state judge, or the spouse of a federal judge or state judge.
(e) In this subsection, “veteran” has the meaning assigned by Section 411.1951.
The department shall include the designation “VETERAN” on the face of any
original, duplicate, modified, or renewed license under this subchapter or on the
reverse side of the license, as determined by the department, if the license is
issued to a veteran who:
(1) requests the designation; and
(2) provides proof sufficient to the department of the veteran’s military service
and honorable discharge.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 396 (S.B. 164), Sec. 2, eff. September
1, 2013. Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 6, eff. June 14, 2013. Acts
2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 14(2), eff. June 14, 2013.
GC §411.180. NOTIFICATION OF DENIAL, REVOCATION, OR SUSPENSION
OF LICENSE; REVIEW. (a) The department shall give written notice to each
applicant for a handgun license of any denial, revocation, or suspension of that
license. Not later than the 30th day after the notice is received by the applicant,
according to the records of the department, the applicant or license holder may
request a hearing on the denial, revocation, or suspension. The applicant must
make a written request for a hearing addressed to the department at its Austin
address. The request for hearing must reach the department in Austin prior to
the 30th day after the date of receipt of the written notice. On receipt of a request
for hearing from a license holder or applicant, the department shall promptly
schedule a hearing in the appropriate justice court in the county of residence
of the applicant or license holder. The justice court shall conduct a hearing to
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review the denial, revocation, or suspension of the license. In a proceeding under
this section, a justice of the peace shall act as an administrative hearing officer.
A hearing under this section is not subject to Chapter 2001 (Administrative
Procedure Act). A district attorney or county attorney, the attorney general, or a
designated member of the department may represent the department.
(b) The department, on receipt of a request for hearing, shall file the appropriate
petition in the justice court selected for the hearing and send a copy of
that petition to the applicant or license holder at the address contained in
departmental records. A hearing under this section must be scheduled within
30 days of receipt of the request for a hearing. The hearing shall be held
expeditiously but in no event more than 60 days after the date that the applicant
or license holder requested the hearing. The date of the hearing may be reset
on the motion of either party, by agreement of the parties, or by the court as
necessary to accommodate the court’s docket.
(c) The justice court shall determine if the denial, revocation, or suspension is
supported by a preponderance of the evidence. Both the applicant or license
holder and the department may present evidence. The court shall affirm the
denial, revocation, or suspension if the court determines that denial, revocation,
or suspension is supported by a preponderance of the evidence. If the court
determines that the denial, revocation, or suspension is not supported by
a preponderance of the evidence, the court shall order the department to
immediately issue or return the license to the applicant or license holder.
(d) A proceeding under this section is subject to Chapter 105, Civil Practice and
Remedies Code, relating to fees, expenses, and attorney’s fees.
(e) A party adversely affected by the court’s ruling following a hearing under this
section may appeal the ruling by filing within 30 days after the ruling a petition
in a county court at law in the county in which the applicant or license holder
resides or, if there is no county court at law in the county, in the county court
of the county. A person who appeals under this section must send by certified
mail a copy of the person’s petition, certified by the clerk of the court in which
the petition is filed, to the appropriate division of the department at its Austin
headquarters. The trial on appeal shall be a trial de novo without a jury. A district
or county attorney or the attorney general may represent the department.
(f) A suspension of a license may not be probated.
(g) If an applicant or a license holder does not petition the justice court, a denial
becomes final and a revocation or suspension takes effect on the 30th day after
receipt of written notice.
(h) The department may use and introduce into evidence certified copies of
governmental records to establish the existence of certain events that could
result in the denial, revocation, or suspension of a license under this subchapter,
including records regarding convictions, judicial findings regarding mental
competency, judicial findings regarding chemical dependency, or other matters
that may be established by governmental records that have been properly
authenticated.
(i) This section does not apply to a suspension of a license under Section
85.022, Family Code, or Article 17.292, Code of Criminal Procedure.

Last amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1412, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 1999.
GC §411.181. NOTICE OF CHANGE OF ADDRESS OR NAME. (a) If a person
who is a current license holder moves from any residence address stated on the
license, if the name of the person is changed by marriage or otherwise, or if the
person’s status becomes inapplicable for purposes of the information required
to be displayed on the license under Section 411.179, the person shall, not later
than the 30th day after the date of the address, name, or status change, notify the
department and provide the department with the number of the person’s license
and, as applicable, the person’s:
(1) former and new addresses;
(2) former and new names; or
(3) former and new status.
(b) If the name of the license holder is changed by marriage or otherwise, or if
the person’s status becomes inapplicable as described by Subsection (a), the
person shall apply for a duplicate license. The duplicate license must reflect the
person’s current name, residence address, and status.
(c) If a license holder moves from the address stated on the license, the person
shall apply for a duplicate license.
(d) The department shall charge a license holder a fee of $25 for a duplicate
license.
(e) The department shall make the forms available on request.
(f) On request of a local law enforcement agency, the department shall notify the
agency of changes made under Subsection (a) by license holders who reside in
the county in which the agency is located.
(g) If a license is lost, stolen, or destroyed, the license holder shall apply for a
duplicate license not later than the 30th day after the date of the loss, theft, or
destruction of the license.
(h) If a license holder is required under this section to apply for a duplicate
license and the license expires not later than the 60th day after the date of the
loss, theft, or destruction of the license, the applicant may renew the license with
the modified information included on the new license. The applicant must pay
only the nonrefundable renewal fee.
(i) A license holder whose application fee for a duplicate license under this
section is dishonored or reversed may reapply for a duplicate license at any time,
provided the application fee and a dishonored payment charge of $25 is paid by
cashier’s check or money order made payable to the “Texas Department of Public
Safety.”

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 11.08, eff.
September 1, 2009.
GC §411.182. NOTICE. (a) For the purpose of a notice required by this
subchapter, the department may assume that the address currently reported to
the department by the applicant or license holder is the correct address.
(b) A written notice meets the requirements under this subchapter if the notice is
sent by certified mail to the current address reported by the applicant or license
holder to the department.
(c) If a notice is returned to the department because the notice is not deliverable,
the department may give notice by publication once in a newspaper of general
interest in the county of the applicant’s or license holder’s last reported address.
On the 31st day after the date the notice is published, the department may take
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the action proposed in the notice.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 10.01(a), eff. September 1, 1997.
GC §411.183. EXPIRATION. (a) A license issued under this subchapter expires
on the first birthday of the license holder occurring after the fourth anniversary of
the date of issuance.
(b) A renewed license expires on the license holder’s birthdate, five years after
the date of the expiration of the previous license.
(c) A duplicate license expires on the date the license that was duplicated would
have expired.
(d) A modified license expires on the date the license that was modified would
have expired.

Last amended by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 915 (H.B. 225), Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2005.
GC §411.185. LICENSE RENEWAL PROCEDURE.
Text of subsection as amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 156, Sec. 1
(a) To renew a license, a license holder must:
(1) complete a handgun proficiency course under Section 411.188(a) within
the six-month period preceding:
(A) the date of application for renewal, for a first or second renewal; and
(B) the date of application for renewal or the date of application for the
preceding renewal, for a third or subsequent renewal, to ensure that the
license holder is not required to complete the course more than once in any
10-year period; and
(2) submit to the department:
(A) an application for renewal on a form provided by the department;
(B) evidence of handgun proficiency, in the form and manner required by the
department;
(C) payment of a nonrefundable renewal fee as set by the department; and
(D) one or more photographs of the applicant that meet the requirements of
the department.
Text of subsection as amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1387, Sec. 1
(a) To renew a license, a license holder must, on or before the date the license
expires, submit to the department by mail or, in accordance with the procedure
adopted under Subsection (f), on the Internet:
(1) a renewal application on a form provided by the department;
(2) payment of a nonrefundable renewal fee as set by the department; and
(3) the informational form described by Subsection (c) signed or electronically
acknowledged by the applicant.
(b) The director by rule shall adopt a renewal application form requiring an
update of the information on the original completed application. The director by
rule shall set the renewal fee in an amount that is sufficient to cover the actual
cost to the department to:
(1) verify the information contained in the renewal application form;
(2) conduct any necessary investigation concerning the license holder’s
continued eligibility to hold a license; and
(3) issue the renewed license.
(c) The director by rule shall adopt an informational form that describes state
law regarding the use of deadly force and the places where it is unlawful for the
holder of a license issued under this subchapter to carry a concealed handgun.
An applicant for a renewed license must sign and return the informational form
to the department by mail or acknowledge the form electronically on the Internet
according to the procedure adopted under Subsection (f).
(d) Not later than the 60th day before the expiration date of the license, the
department shall mail to each license holder a written notice of the expiration of
the license, a renewal application form, and the informational form described by
Subsection (c).
Text of subsection as added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 665, Sec. 3
(e) The department may not request or require a license holder to provide the
license holder’s social security number to renew a license under this section.
Text of subsection as added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1387, Sec. 1
(e) The department shall renew the license of a license holder who meets all the
eligibility requirements to continue to hold a license and submits all the renewal
materials described by Subsection (a). Not later than the 45th day after receipt of
the renewal materials, the department shall issue the renewed license or notify
the license holder in writing that the department denied the license holder’s
renewal application.
(f) The director by rule shall adopt a procedure by which a license holder who
satisfies the eligibility requirements to continue to hold a license may submit the
renewal materials described by Subsection (a) by mail or on the Internet.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1387 (H.B. 48), Sec. 1, eff. September 1,
2013.
GC §411.186. REVOCATION. (a) The department shall revoke a license under
this section if the license holder:
(1) was not entitled to the license at the time it was issued;
(2) made a material misrepresentation or failed to disclose a material fact in an
application submitted under this subchapter;
(3) subsequently becomes ineligible for a license under Section 411.172,
unless the sole basis for the ineligibility is that the license holder is charged
with the commission of a Class A or Class B misdemeanor or equivalent
offense, or of an offense under Section 42.01, Penal Code, or equivalent
offense, or of a felony under an information or indictment;
(4) is convicted of an offense under Section 46.035, Penal Code;
(5) is determined by the department to have engaged in conduct constituting
a reason to suspend a license listed in Section 411.187(a) after the person’s
license has been previously suspended twice for the same reason; or
(6) submits an application fee that is dishonored or reversed if the applicant
fails to submit a cashier’s check or money order made payable to the
“Department of Public Safety of the State of Texas” in the amount of the
dishonored or reversed fee, plus $25, within 30 days of being notified by the
department that the fee was dishonored or reversed.
(b) If a peace officer believes a reason listed in Subsection (a) to revoke a
license exists, the officer shall prepare an affidavit on a form provided by the
department stating the reason for the revocation of the license and giving
the department all of the information available to the officer at the time of the
preparation of the form. The officer shall attach the officer’s reports relating to the
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license holder to the form and send the form and attachments to the appropriate
division of the department at its Austin headquarters not later than the fifth
working day after the date the form is prepared. The officer shall send a copy of
the form and the attachments to the license holder. If the license holder has not
surrendered the license or the license was not seized as evidence, the license
holder shall surrender the license to the appropriate division of the department
not later than the 10th day after the date the license holder receives the notice
of revocation from the department, unless the license holder requests a hearing
from the department. The license holder may request that the justice court in the
justice court precinct in which the license holder resides review the revocation as
provided by Section 411.180. If a request is made for the justice court to review
the revocation and hold a hearing, the license holder shall surrender the license
on the date an order of revocation is entered by the justice court.
(c) A license holder whose license is revoked for a reason listed in Subsections
(a)(1)(5) may reapply as a new applicant for the issuance of a license under this
subchapter after the second anniversary of the date of the revocation if the cause
for revocation does not exist on the date of the second anniversary. If the cause
for revocation exists on the date of the second anniversary after the date of
revocation, the license holder may not apply for a new license until the cause for
revocation no longer exists and has not existed for a period of two years.
(d) A license holder whose license is revoked under Subsection (a)(6) may
reapply for an original or renewed license at any time, provided the application
fee and a dishonored payment charge of $25 is paid by cashier’s check or money
order made payable to the “Texas Department of Public Safety.”

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 11.11, eff.
September 1, 2009.
GC §411.187. SUSPENSION OF LICENSE. (a) The department shall suspend a
license under this section if the license holder:
(1) is charged with the commission of a Class A or Class B misdemeanor
or equivalent offense, or of an offense under Section 42.01, Penal Code, or
equivalent offense, or of a felony under an information or indictment;
(2) fails to notify the department of a change of address, name, or status as
required by Section 411.181;
(3) commits an act of family violence and is the subject of an active protective
order rendered under Title 4, Family Code; or
(4) is arrested for an offense involving family violence or an offense under
Section 42.072, Penal Code, and is the subject of an order for emergency
protection issued under Article 17.292, Code of Criminal Procedure.
(b) If a peace officer believes a reason listed in Subsection (a) to suspend a
license exists, the officer shall prepare an affidavit on a form provided by the
department stating the reason for the suspension of the license and giving
the department all of the information available to the officer at the time of the
preparation of the form. The officer shall attach the officer’s reports relating to
the license holder to the form and send the form and the attachments to the
appropriate division of the department at its Austin headquarters not later than
the fifth working day after the date the form is prepared. The officer shall send a
copy of the form and the attachments to the license holder. If the license holder
has not surrendered the license or the license was not seized as evidence,
the license holder shall surrender the license to the appropriate division of the
department not later than the 10th day after the date the license holder receives
the notice of suspension from the department unless the license holder requests
a hearing from the department. The license holder may request that the justice
court in the justice court precinct in which the license holder resides review the
suspension as provided by Section 411.180. If a request is made for the justice
court to review the suspension and hold a hearing, the license holder shall
surrender the license on the date an order of suspension is entered by the justice
court.
(c) The department shall suspend a license under this section:
(1) for 30 days, if the person’s license is subject to suspension for a reason
listed in Subsection (a)(2), (3), or (4), except as provided by Subdivision (2);
(2) for not less than one year and not more than three years, if the person’s
license:
(A) is subject to suspension for a reason listed in Subsection (a), other than
the reason listed in Subsection (a)(1); and
(B) has been previously suspended for the same reason;
(3) until dismissal of the charges, if the person’s license is subject to
suspension for the reason listed in Subsection (a)(1); or
(4) for the duration of or the period specified by:
(A) the protective order issued under Title 4, Family Code, if the person’s
license is subject to suspension for the reason listed in Subsection (a)(5); or
(B) the order for emergency protection issued under Article 17.292, Code of
Criminal Procedure, if the person’s license is subject to suspension for the
reason listed in Subsection (a)(6).

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 7, eff. June 14,
2013.
GC §411.1871. NOTICE OF SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION OF CERTAIN
LICENSES. The department shall notify the Texas Commission on Law
Enforcement if the department takes any action against the license of a person
identified by the commission as a person certified under Section 1701.260,
Occupations Code, including suspension or revocation.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 655 (H.B. 1009), Sec. 4, eff. June 14, 2013.
GC §411.188. HANDGUN PROFICIENCY REQUIREMENT. (a) The director by
rule shall establish minimum standards for handgun proficiency and shall develop
a course to teach handgun proficiency and examinations to measure handgun
proficiency. The course to teach handgun proficiency is required for each person
who seeks to obtain or renew a license and must contain training sessions
divided into two parts. One part of the course must be classroom instruction
and the other part must be range instruction and an actual demonstration by the
applicant of the applicant’s ability to safely and proficiently use a handgun. An
applicant must be able to demonstrate, at a minimum, the degree of proficiency
that is required to effectively operate a handgun of .32 caliber or above. The
department shall distribute the standards, course requirements, and examinations
on request to any qualified handgun instructor.
(b) Only qualified handgun instructors may administer the classroom instruction
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part or the range instruction part of the handgun proficiency course. The
classroom instruction part of the course must include not less than four hours
and not more than six hours of instruction on:
(1) the laws that relate to weapons and to the use of deadly force;
(2) handgun use and safety;
(3) nonviolent dispute resolution; and
(4) proper storage practices for handguns with an emphasis on storage
practices that eliminate the possibility of accidental injury to a child.
(c) Repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 156 (S.B. 864), Sec. 3, and Ch.
1387 (H.B. 48), Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2013.
(d) Only a qualified handgun instructor may administer the proficiency
examination to obtain a license. The proficiency examination must include:
(1) a written section on the subjects listed in Subsection (b); and
(2) a physical demonstration of proficiency in the use of one or more
handguns and in handgun safety procedures.
(e) Repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302, Sec. 14(4), eff. June 14,
2013.
(f) The department shall develop and distribute directions and materials for
course instruction, test administration, and recordkeeping. All test results shall be
sent to the department, and the department shall maintain a record of the results.
(g) A person who wishes to obtain a license to carry a concealed handgun must
apply in person to a qualified handgun instructor to take the appropriate course
in handgun proficiency and demonstrate handgun proficiency as required by the
department.
(h) Repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302, Sec. 14(4), eff. June 14,
2013.
(i) A certified firearms instructor of the department may monitor any class
or training presented by a qualified handgun instructor. A qualified handgun
instructor shall cooperate with the department in the department’s efforts
to monitor the presentation of training by the qualified handgun instructor.
A qualified handgun instructor shall make available for inspection to the
department any and all records maintained by a qualified handgun instructor
under this subchapter. The qualified handgun instructor shall keep a record of all
information required by department rule.
Without reference to the amendment of this subsection, this subsection
was repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1387 (H.B. 48), Sec. 5, eff.
September 1, 2013.
(j) For license holders seeking to renew their licenses, the department may
offer online, or allow a qualified handgun instructor to offer online, the classroom
instruction part of the handgun proficiency course and the written section of the
proficiency examination.
(k) A qualified handgun instructor may submit to the department a written
recommendation for disapproval of the application for a license or modification
of a license, accompanied by an affidavit stating personal knowledge or naming
persons with personal knowledge of facts that lead the instructor to believe that
an applicant does not possess the required handgun proficiency. The department
may use a written recommendation submitted under this subsection as the basis
for denial of a license only if the department determines that the recommendation
is made in good faith and is supported by a preponderance of the evidence. The
department shall make a determination under this subsection not later than the
45th day after the date the department receives the written recommendation.
The 60-day period in which the department must take action under Section
411.177(b) is extended one day for each day a determination is pending under
this subsection.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1387 (H.B. 48), Sec. 5, eff. September 1,
2013.
GC §411.1881. EXEMPTION FROM INSTRUCTION FOR CERTAIN PERSONS.
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, a person may not
be required to complete the range instruction portion of a handgun proficiency
course to obtain a license issued under this subchapter if the person:
(1) is currently serving in or is honorably discharged from:
(A) the army, navy, air force, coast guard, or marine corps of the United
States or an auxiliary service or reserve unit of one of those branches of the
armed forces; or
(B) the Texas military forces, as defined by Section 437.001; and
(2) has, within the five years preceding the date of the person’s application
for the license, completed a course of training in handgun proficiency or
familiarization as part of the person’s service with the armed forces or Texas
military forces.
(b) The director by rule shall adopt a procedure by which a license holder who is
exempt under Subsection (a) from the range instruction portion of the handgun
proficiency requirement may submit a form demonstrating the license holder’s
qualification for an exemption under that subsection. The form must provide
sufficient information to allow the department to verify whether the license holder
qualifies for the exemption.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1387 (H.B. 48), Sec. 3, eff. September 1,
2013.
GC §411.1882. EVIDENCE OF HANDGUN PROFICIENCY FOR CERTAIN
PERSONS. (a) A person who is serving in this state as a judge or justice of a
federal court, as an active judicial officer, as defined by Section 411.201, or as
a district attorney, assistant district attorney, criminal district attorney, assistant
criminal district attorney, county attorney, or assistant county attorney may
establish handgun proficiency for the purposes of this subchapter by obtaining
from a handgun proficiency instructor approved by the Texas Commission on
Law Enforcement for purposes of Section 1702.1675, Occupations Code, a
sworn statement that indicates that the person, during the 12-month period
preceding the date of the person’s application to the department, demonstrated
to the instructor proficiency in the use of handguns.
(b) The director by rule shall adopt a procedure by which a person described
under Subsection (a) may submit a form demonstrating the person’s qualification
for an exemption under that subsection. The form must provide sufficient
information to allow the department to verify whether the person qualifies for the
exemption.
(c) A license issued under this section automatically expires on the six-month
anniversary of the date the person’s status under Subsection (a) becomes
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inapplicable. A license that expires under this subsection may be renewed under
Section 411.185.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 9, eff. June 14,
2013.
GC §411.190. QUALIFIED HANDGUN INSTRUCTORS. (a) The director may
certify as a qualified handgun instructor a person who:
(1) is certified by the Texas Commission on Law Enforcement or under
Chapter 1702, Occupations Code, to instruct others in the use of handguns;
(2) regularly instructs others in the use of handguns and has graduated from a
handgun instructor school that uses a nationally accepted course designed to
train persons as handgun instructors; or
(3) is certified by the National Rifle Association of America as a handgun
instructor.
(b) In addition to the qualifications described by Subsection (a), a qualified
handgun instructor must be qualified to instruct persons in:
(1) the laws that relate to weapons and to the use of deadly force;
(2) handgun use, proficiency, and safety;
(3) nonviolent dispute resolution; and
(4) proper storage practices for handguns, including storage practices that
eliminate the possibility of accidental injury to a child.
(c) In the manner applicable to a person who applies for a license to carry a
concealed handgun, the department shall conduct a background check of a
person who applies for certification as a qualified handgun instructor. If the
background check indicates that the applicant for certification would not qualify
to receive a handgun license, the department may not certify the applicant as a
qualified handgun instructor. If the background check indicates that the applicant
for certification would qualify to receive a handgun license, the department shall
provide handgun instructor training to the applicant. The applicant shall pay
a fee of $100 to the department for the training. The applicant must take and
successfully complete the training offered by the department and pay the training
fee before the department may certify the applicant as a qualified handgun
instructor. The department shall issue a license to carry a concealed handgun
under the authority of this subchapter to any person who is certified as a qualified
handgun instructor and who pays to the department a fee of $100 in addition to
the training fee. The department by rule may prorate or waive the training fee for
an employee of another governmental entity.
(d) The certification of a qualified handgun instructor expires on the second
anniversary after the date of certification. To renew a certification, the qualified
handgun instructor must pay a fee of $100 and take and successfully complete
the retraining courses required by department rule.
(d-1) The department shall ensure that an applicant may renew certification
under Subsection (d) from any county in this state by using an online format to
complete the required retraining courses if:
(1) the applicant is renewing certification for the first time; or
(2) the applicant completed the required retraining courses in person the
previous time the applicant renewed certification.
(e) After certification, a qualified handgun instructor may conduct training for
applicants for a license under this subchapter.
(f) If the department determines that a reason exists to revoke, suspend, or
deny a license to carry a concealed handgun with respect to a person who is
a qualified handgun instructor or an applicant for certification as a qualified
handgun instructor, the department shall take that action against the person’s:
(1) license to carry a concealed handgun if the person is an applicant for or the
holder of a license issued under this subchapter; and
(2) certification as a qualified handgun instructor.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 93 (S.B. 686), Sec. 2.25, eff. May 18,
2013.
GC §411.1901. SCHOOL SAFETY CERTIFICATION FOR QUALIFIED
HANDGUN INSTRUCTORS. (a) The department shall establish a process to
enable qualified handgun instructors certified under Section 411.190 to obtain an
additional certification in school safety. The process must include a school safety
certification course that provides training in the following:
(1) the protection of students;
(2) interaction of license holders with first responders;
(3) tactics for denying an intruder entry into a classroom or school facility; and
(4) methods for increasing a license holder’s accuracy with a handgun while
under duress.
(b) The school safety certification course under Subsection (a) must include not
less than 15 hours and not more than 20 hours of instruction.
(c) A qualified handgun instructor certified in school safety under this section
may provide school safety training, including instruction in the subjects listed
under Subsection (a), to employees of a school district or an open-enrollment
charter school who hold a license to carry a concealed handgun issued under this
subchapter.
(d) The department shall establish a fee in an amount that is sufficient to cover
the costs of the school safety certification under this section.
(e) The department may adopt rules to administer this section.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 498 (S.B. 1857), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2013.
GC §411.191. REVIEW OF DENIAL, REVOCATION, OR SUSPENSION OF
CERTIFICATION AS QUALIFIED HANDGUN INSTRUCTOR. The procedures
for the review of a denial, revocation, or suspension of a license under Section
411.180 apply to the review of a denial, revocation, or suspension of certification
as a qualified handgun instructor. The notice provisions of this subchapter relating
to denial, revocation, or suspension of handgun licenses apply to the proposed
denial, revocation, or suspension of a certification of a qualified handgun
instructor or an applicant for certification as a qualified handgun instructor.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 10.01(a), eff. September 1, 1997.
GC §411.192. CONFIDENTIALITY OF RECORDS. (a) The department shall
disclose to a criminal justice agency information contained in its files and records
regarding whether a named individual or any individual named in a specified
list is licensed under this subchapter. Information on an individual subject to
disclosure under this section includes the individual’s name, date of birth, gender,
race, zip code, telephone number, e-mail address, and Internet website address.
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Except as otherwise provided by this section and by Section 411.193, all other
records maintained under this subchapter are confidential and are not subject to
mandatory disclosure under the open records law, Chapter 552.
(b) An applicant or license holder may be furnished a copy of disclosable records
regarding the applicant or license holder on request and the payment of a
reasonable fee.
(c) The department shall notify a license holder of any request that is made for
information relating to the license holder under this section and provide the name
of the agency making the request.
(d) The department shall make public and distribute to the public at no cost
lists of individuals who are certified as qualified handgun instructors by the
department and who request to be included as provided by Subsection (e). The
department shall include on the lists each individual’s name, telephone number,
e-mail address, and Internet website address. The department shall make the list
available on the department’s Internet website.
(e) An individual who is certified as a qualified handgun instructor may request
in writing that the department disclose all or part of the information described by
Subsection (d) regarding the individual. The department shall include all or part of
the individual’s information on the list as requested.

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 6.03, eff.
September 1, 2009.
GC §411.193. STATISTICAL REPORT. The department shall make available,
on request and payment of a reasonable fee to cover costs of copying, a
statistical report that includes the number of licenses issued, denied, revoked, or
suspended by the department during the preceding month, listed by age, gender,
race, and zip code of the applicant or license holder.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 10.01(a), eff. September 1, 1997.
GC §411.194. REDUCTION OF FEES DUE TO INDIGENCY. (a)
Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, the department shall
reduce by 50 percent any fee required for the issuance of an original, duplicate,
modified, or renewed license under this subchapter if the department determines
that the applicant is indigent.
(b) The department shall require an applicant requesting a reduction of a fee to
submit proof of indigency with the application materials.
(c) For purposes of this section, an applicant is indigent if the applicant’s income
is not more than 100 percent of the applicable income level established by the
federal poverty guidelines.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 10.01(a), eff. September 1, 1997.
GC §411.195. REDUCTION OF FEES FOR SENIOR CITIZENS. Notwithstanding
any other provision of this subchapter, the department shall reduce by 50 percent
any fee required for the issuance of an original, duplicate, modified, or renewed
license under this subchapter if the applicant for the license is 60 years of age or
older.

Last amended by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 289 (H.B. 1038), Sec. 1, eff. September 1,
2005.
GC §411.1951. WAIVER OR REDUCTION OF FEES FOR MEMBERS OR
VETERANS OF UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES. (a) In this section,
“veteran” means a person who:
(1) has served in:
(A) the army, navy, air force, coast guard, or marine corps of the United
States;
(B) the Texas military forces as defined by Section 437.001; or
(C) an auxiliary service of one of those branches of the armed forces; and
(2) has been honorably discharged from the branch of the service in which the
person served.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, the department shall
waive any fee required for the issuance of an original, duplicate, modified, or
renewed license under this subchapter if the applicant for the license is:
(1) a member of the United States armed forces, including a member of the
reserves, national guard, or state guard; or
(2) a veteran who, within 365 days preceding the date of the application, was
honorably discharged from the branch of service in which the person served.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, if the applicant is
a veteran who, more than 365 days preceding the date of the application, was
honorably discharged from the branch of the service in which the applicant
served:
(1) the applicant must pay a fee of $25 for the issuance of an original or
renewed license under this subchapter; and
(2) the department shall reduce by 50 percent any fee required of the applicant
for a duplicate or modified license under this subchapter.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1217 (S.B. 1536), Sec. 3.05, eff.
September 1, 2013.
GC §411.1952. REDUCTION OF FEES FOR EMPLOYEES OF TEXAS
DEPARTMENT OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE. Notwithstanding any other provision
of this subchapter, an applicant who is a correctional officer of the Texas
Department of Criminal Justice shall pay a fee of $25 for the issuance of an
original or renewed license under this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 251 (H.B. 485), Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2013.
GC §411.196. METHOD OF PAYMENT. A person may pay a fee required by
this subchapter by cash, credit card, personal check, cashier’s check, or money
order. A person who pays a fee required by this subchapter by cash must pay
the fee in person. Checks or money orders must be made payable to the “Texas
Department of Public Safety.” A person whose payment for a fee required by
this subchapter is dishonored or reversed must pay any future fees required by
this subchapter by cashier’s check or money order made payable to the “Texas
Department of Public Safety.” A fee received by the department under this
subchapter is nonrefundable.

Last amended by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1065 (H.B. 1483), Sec. 1, eff. September 1,
2005.
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GC §411.197. RULES. The director shall adopt rules to administer this
subchapter.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 10.01(a), eff. September 1, 1997.
GC §411.198. LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER ALIAS HANDGUN LICENSE.
(a) On written approval of the director, the department may issue to a law
enforcement officer an alias license to carry a concealed handgun to be used in
supervised activities involving criminal investigations.
(b) It is a defense to prosecution under Section 46.035, Penal Code, that the
actor, at the time of the commission of the offense, was the holder of an alias
license issued under this section.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 10.01(a), eff. September 1, 1997.
GC §411.199. HONORABLY RETIRED PEACE OFFICERS. (a) A person who is
licensed as a peace officer under Chapter 1701, Occupations Code, and who has
been employed full-time as a peace officer by a law enforcement agency may
apply for a license under this subchapter at any time after retirement.
(b) The person shall submit two complete sets of legible and classifiable
fingerprints and a sworn statement from the head of the law enforcement agency
employing the applicant. A head of a law enforcement agency may not refuse
to issue a statement under this subsection. If the applicant alleges that the
statement is untrue, the department shall investigate the validity of the statement.
The statement must include:
(1) the name and rank of the applicant;
(2) the status of the applicant before retirement;
(3) whether or not the applicant was accused of misconduct at the time of the
retirement;
(4) the physical and mental condition of the applicant;
(5) the type of weapons the applicant had demonstrated proficiency with
during the last year of employment;
(6) whether the applicant would be eligible for reemployment with the agency,
and if not, the reasons the applicant is not eligible; and
(7) a recommendation from the agency head regarding the issuance of a
license under this subchapter.
(c) The department may issue a license under this subchapter to an applicant
under this section if the applicant is honorably retired and physically and
emotionally fit to possess a handgun. In this subsection, “honorably retired”
means the applicant:
(1) did not retire in lieu of any disciplinary action;
(2) was eligible to retire from the law enforcement agency or was ineligible
to retire only as a result of an injury received in the course of the applicant’s
employment with the agency; and
(3) is entitled to receive a pension or annuity for service as a law enforcement
officer or is not entitled to receive a pension or annuity only because the law
enforcement agency that employed the applicant does not offer a pension or
annuity to its employees.
(d) An applicant under this section must pay a fee of $25 for a license issued
under this subchapter.
Without reference to the amendment of this subsection, this subsection
was repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1387 (H.B. 48), Sec. 5, eff.
September 1, 2013.
(e) A retired peace officer who obtains a license under this subchapter must
maintain the proficiency required for a peace officer under Section 1701.355,
Occupations Code. The department or a local law enforcement agency shall
allow a retired peace officer of the department or agency an opportunity to
annually demonstrate the required proficiency. The proficiency shall be reported
to the department on application and renewal.
(f) A license issued under this section expires as provided by Section 411.183.
(g) A retired officer of the United States who was eligible to carry a firearm in the
discharge of the officer’s official duties is eligible for a license under this section.
An applicant described by this subsection may submit the application at any time
after retirement. The applicant shall submit with the application proper proof of
retired status by presenting the following documents prepared by the agency
from which the applicant retired:
(1) retirement credentials; and
(2) a letter from the agency head stating the applicant retired in good standing.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1387 (H.B. 48), Sec. 5, eff. September 1,
2013.
GC §411.1991. PEACE OFFICERS. (a) A person who is licensed as a peace
officer under Chapter 1701, Occupations Code, and is employed as a peace
officer by a law enforcement agency, or a member of the Texas military forces,
excluding Texas State Guard members who are serving in the Texas Legislature
may apply for a license under this subchapter. The person shall submit to the
department two complete sets of legible and classifiable fingerprints and a sworn
statement of the head of the law enforcement agency employing the applicant. A
head of a law enforcement agency may not refuse to issue a statement under this
subsection. If the applicant alleges that the statement is untrue, the department
shall investigate the validity of the statement. The statement must include:
(1) the name and rank of the applicant;
(2) whether the applicant has been accused of misconduct at any time during
the applicant’s period of employment with the agency and the disposition of
that accusation;
(3) a description of the physical and mental condition of the applicant;
(4) a list of the types of weapons the applicant has demonstrated proficiency
with during the preceding year; and
(5) a recommendation from the agency head that a license be issued to the
person under this subchapter.
(b) The department may issue a license under this subchapter to an applicant
under this section if the statement from the head of the law enforcement agency
employing the applicant complies with Subsection (a) and indicates that the
applicant is qualified and physically and mentally fit to carry a handgun.
(c) An applicant under this section shall pay a fee of $25 for a license issued
under this subchapter.
(d) A license issued under this section expires as provided by Section 411.183.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 251 (H.B. 485), Sec. 4, eff. September 1,
2013.
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GC §411.1992. FORMER RESERVE LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS. (a) A
person who served as a reserve law enforcement officer, as defined by Section
1701.001, Occupations Code, not less than a total of 15 years with one or more
state or local law enforcement agencies may apply for a license under this
subchapter at any time.
(b) The applicant shall submit to the department two complete sets of legible
and classifiable fingerprints and a sworn statement from the head of the
law enforcement agency at which the applicant last served as a reserve law
enforcement officer. A head of a law enforcement agency may not refuse to issue
a statement under this subsection. If the applicant alleges that the statement
is untrue, the department shall investigate the validity of the statement. The
statement must include:
(1) the name and rank of the applicant;
(2) the status of the applicant;
(3) whether the applicant was accused of misconduct at any time during the
applicant’s term of service and the disposition of that accusation;
(4) a description of the physical and mental condition of the applicant;
(5) a list of the types of weapons the applicant demonstrated proficiency with
during the applicant’s term of service; and
(6) a recommendation from the agency head regarding the issuance of a
license under this subchapter.
(c) The department may issue a license under this subchapter to an applicant
under this section if the applicant was a reserve law enforcement officer for not
less than a total of 15 years with one or more state or local law enforcement
agencies and is physically and emotionally fit to possess a handgun.
(d) An applicant under this section must pay a fee of $25 for a license issued
under this subchapter.
(e) A former reserve law enforcement officer who obtains a license as provided
by this section must maintain, for the category of weapon licensed, the proficiency
required for the person under Section 1701.357, Occupations Code. The
department or the local law enforcement agency at which the person last served
as a reserve law enforcement officer shall allow the person an opportunity to
annually demonstrate the required proficiency. The proficiency shall be reported
to the department on application and renewal.
(f) A license issued under this section expires as provided by Section 411.183.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1080 (H.B. 3370), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2013.
GC §411.200. APPLICATION TO LICENSED SECURITY OFFICERS. This
subchapter does not exempt a license holder who is also employed as a security
officer and licensed under Chapter 1702, Occupations Code, from the duty to
comply with Chapter 1702, Occupations Code, or Section 46.02, Penal Code.

Last amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.759, eff. September 1, 2001.
GC §411.201. ACTIVE AND RETIRED JUDICIAL OFFICERS. (a) In this section:
(1) “Active judicial officer” means:
(A) a person serving as a judge or justice of the supreme court, the court of
criminal appeals, a court of appeals, a district court, a criminal district court,
a constitutional county court, a statutory county court, a justice court, or a
municipal court;
(B) a federal judge who is a resident of this state; or
(C) a person appointed and serving as an associate judge under Chapter
201, Family Code.
(2) “Retired judicial officer” means:
(A) a special judge appointed under Section 26.023 or 26.024; or
(B) a senior judge designated under Section 75.001 or a judicial officer as
designated or defined by Section 75.001, 831.001, or 836.001.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, the department shall
issue a license under this subchapter to an active or retired judicial officer who
meets the requirements of this section.
(c) An active judicial officer is eligible for a license to carry a concealed handgun
under the authority of this subchapter. A retired judicial officer is eligible for a
license to carry a concealed handgun under the authority of this subchapter if the
officer:
(1) has not been convicted of a felony;
(2) has not, in the five years preceding the date of application, been convicted
of a Class A or Class B misdemeanor or equivalent offense;
(3) is not charged with the commission of a Class A or Class B misdemeanor
or equivalent offense or of a felony under an information or indictment;
(4) is not a chemically dependent person; and
(5) is not a person of unsound mind.
(d) An applicant for a license who is an active or retired judicial officer must
submit to the department:
(1) a completed application, including all required affidavits, on a form
prescribed by the department;
(2) one or more photographs of the applicant that meet the requirements of the
department;
(3) two complete sets of legible and classifiable fingerprints of the applicant,
including one set taken by a person employed by a law enforcement agency
who is appropriately trained in recording fingerprints;
(4) evidence of handgun proficiency, in the form and manner required by the
department for an applicant under this section;
(5) a nonrefundable application and license fee set by the department in an
amount reasonably designed to cover the administrative costs associated with
issuance of a license to carry a concealed handgun under this subchapter; and
(6) if the applicant is a retired judicial officer, a form executed by the applicant
that authorizes the department to make an inquiry into any noncriminal history
records that are necessary to determine the applicant’s eligibility for a license
under this subchapter.
(e) On receipt of all the application materials required by this section, the
department shall:
(1) if the applicant is an active judicial officer, issue a license to carry a
concealed handgun under the authority of this subchapter; or
(2) if the applicant is a retired judicial officer, conduct an appropriate
background investigation to determine the applicant’s eligibility for the license
and, if the applicant is eligible, issue a license to carry a concealed handgun
under the authority of this subchapter.
(f) Except as otherwise provided by this subsection, an applicant for a license
under this section must satisfy the handgun proficiency requirements of Section
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411.188. The classroom instruction part of the proficiency course for an active
judicial officer is not subject to a minimum hour requirement. The instruction must
include instruction only on:
(1) handgun use, proficiency, and safety; and
(2) proper storage practices for handguns with an emphasis on storage
practices that eliminate the possibility of accidental injury to a child.
(g) A license issued under this section expires as provided by Section 411.183
and may be renewed in accordance with Section 411.185.
(h) The department shall issue a license to carry a concealed handgun under
the authority of this subchapter to an elected attorney representing the state in
the prosecution of felony cases who meets the requirements of this section for
an active judicial officer. The department shall waive any fee required for the
issuance of an original, duplicate, or renewed license under this subchapter for
an applicant who is an attorney elected or employed to represent the state in the
prosecution of felony cases.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1387 (H.B. 48), Sec. 4, eff. September 1,
2013.
GC §411.202. LICENSE A BENEFIT. The issuance of a license under this
subchapter is a benefit to the license holder for purposes of those sections of the
Penal Code to which the definition of “benefit” under Section 1.07, Penal Code,
applies.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 10.01(a), eff. September 1, 1997.
GC §411.203. RIGHTS OF EMPLOYERS. This subchapter does not prevent or
otherwise limit the right of a public or private employer to prohibit persons who
are licensed under this subchapter from carrying a concealed handgun on the
premises of the business. In this section, “premises” has the meaning assigned
by Section 46.035(f)(3), Penal Code.

Last amended by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1058 (S.B. 321), Sec. 2, eff. September
1, 2011.
GC §411.2032. TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE OF FIREARMS AND
AMMUNITION BY LICENSE HOLDERS IN PRIVATE VEHICLES ON CERTAIN
CAMPUSES. (a) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Campus” means all land and buildings owned or leased by an institution of
higher education or private or independent institution of higher education.
(2) “Institution of higher education” and “private or independent institution of
higher education” have the meanings assigned by Section 61.003, Education
Code.
(b) An institution of higher education or private or independent institution of
higher education in this state may not adopt or enforce any rule, regulation,
or other provision or take any other action, including posting notice under
Section 30.06, Penal Code, prohibiting or placing restrictions on the storage or
transportation of a firearm or ammunition in a locked, privately owned or leased
motor vehicle by a person, including a student enrolled at that institution, who
holds a license to carry a concealed handgun under this subchapter and lawfully
possesses the firearm or ammunition:
(1) on a street or driveway located on the campus of the institution; or
(2) in a parking lot, parking garage, or other parking area located on the
campus of the institution.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1248 (S.B. 1907), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2013.
GC §411.204. NOTICE REQUIRED ON CERTAIN PREMISES. (a) A business
that has a permit or license issued under Chapter 25, 28, 32, 69, or 74, Alcoholic
Beverage Code, and that derives 51 percent or more of its income from the sale
of alcoholic beverages for on-premises consumption as determined by the Texas
Alcoholic Beverage Commission under Section 104.06, Alcoholic Beverage Code,
shall prominently display at each entrance to the business premises a sign that
complies with the requirements of Subsection (c).
(b) A hospital licensed under Chapter 241, Health and Safety Code, or a nursing
home licensed under Chapter 242, Health and Safety Code, shall prominently
display at each entrance to the hospital or nursing home, as appropriate, a sign
that complies with the requirements of Subsection (c) other than the requirement
that the sign include on its face the number “51”.
(c) The sign required under Subsections (a) and (b) must give notice in
both English and Spanish that it is unlawful for a person licensed under this
subchapter to carry a handgun on the premises. The sign must appear in
contrasting colors with block letters at least one inch in height and must include
on its face the number “51” printed in solid red at least five inches in height. The
sign shall be displayed in a conspicuous manner clearly visible to the public.
(d) A business that has a permit or license issued under the Alcoholic Beverage
Code and that is not required to display a sign under this section may be required
to display a sign under Section 11.041 or 61.11, Alcoholic Beverage Code.
(e) This section does not apply to a business that has a food and beverage
certificate issued under the Alcoholic Beverage Code.

Last amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, Sec. 9.16(a), eff. September 1, 1999; Acts
1999, 76th Leg., ch. 523, Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 1999.
GC §411.205. REQUIREMENT TO DISPLAY LICENSE. If a license holder is
carrying a handgun on or about the license holder’s person when a magistrate or
a peace officer demands that the license holder display identification, the license
holder shall display both the license holder’s driver’s license or identification
certificate issued by the department and the license holder’s handgun license.

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 12A.02, eff.
September 1, 2009.
GC §411.206. SEIZURE OF HANDGUN AND LICENSE. (a) If a peace officer
arrests and takes into custody a license holder who is carrying a handgun
under the authority of this subchapter, the officer shall seize the license holder’s
handgun and license as evidence.
(b) The provisions of Article 18.19, Code of Criminal Procedure, relating to the
disposition of weapons seized in connection with criminal offenses, apply to a
handgun seized under this subsection.
(c) Any judgment of conviction entered by any court for an offense under Section
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46.035, Penal Code, must contain the handgun license number of the convicted
license holder. A certified copy of the judgment is conclusive and sufficient
evidence to justify revocation of a license under Section 411.186(a)(4).

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 10.01(a), eff. September 1, 1997.
GC §411.207. AUTHORITY OF PEACE OFFICER TO DISARM. (a) A peace
officer who is acting in the lawful discharge of the officer’s official duties may
disarm a license holder at any time the officer reasonably believes it is necessary
for the protection of the license holder, officer, or another individual. The peace
officer shall return the handgun to the license holder before discharging the
license holder from the scene if the officer determines that the license holder is
not a threat to the officer, license holder, or another individual and if the license
holder has not violated any provision of this subchapter or committed any other
violation that results in the arrest of the license holder.
(b) A peace officer who is acting in the lawful discharge of the officer’s official
duties may temporarily disarm a license holder when a license holder enters a
non-public, secure portion of a law enforcement facility, if the law enforcement
agency provides a gun locker where the peace officer can secure the license
holder’s handgun. The peace officer shall secure the handgun in the locker and
shall return the handgun to the license holder immediately after the license holder
leaves the non-public, secure portion of the law enforcement facility.
(c) A law enforcement facility shall prominently display at each entrance to a nonpublic,
secure portion of the facility a sign that gives notice in both English and
Spanish that, under this section, a peace officer may temporarily disarm a license
holder when the license holder enters the non-public, secure portion of the facility.
The sign must appear in contrasting colors with block letters at least one inch in
height. The sign shall be displayed in a clearly visible and conspicuous manner.
(d) In this section:
(1) “Law enforcement facility” means a building or a portion of a building
used exclusively by a law enforcement agency that employs peace officers as
described by Articles 2.12(1) and (3), Code of Criminal Procedure, and support
personnel to conduct the official business of the agency. The term does not
include:
(A) any portion of a building not actively used exclusively to conduct the
official business of the agency; or
(B) any public or private driveway, street, sidewalk, walkway, parking lot,
parking garage, or other parking area.
(2) “Non-public, secure portion of a law enforcement facility” means that
portion of a law enforcement facility to which the general public is denied
access without express permission and to which access is granted solely to
conduct the official business of the law enforcement agency.

Last amended by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 572 (S.B. 1709), Sec. 1, eff. September 1,
2007.
GC §411.208. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. (a) A court may not hold the state, an
agency or subdivision of the state, an officer or employee of the state, a peace
officer, or a qualified handgun instructor liable for damages caused by:
(1) an action authorized under this subchapter or a failure to perform a duty
imposed by this subchapter; or
(2) the actions of an applicant or license holder that occur after the applicant
has received a license or been denied a license under this subchapter.
(b) A cause of action in damages may not be brought against the state, an
agency or subdivision of the state, an officer or employee of the state, a peace
officer, or a qualified handgun instructor for any damage caused by the actions of
an applicant or license holder under this subchapter.
(c) The department is not responsible for any injury or damage inflicted on any
person by an applicant or license holder arising or alleged to have arisen from an
action taken by the department under this subchapter.
(d) The immunities granted under Subsections (a), (b), and (c) do not apply to
an act or a failure to act by the state, an agency or subdivision of the state, an
officer of the state, or a peace officer if the act or failure to act was capricious or
arbitrary.
(e) The immunities granted under Subsection (a) to a qualified handgun
instructor do not apply to a cause of action for fraud or a deceptive trade practice.

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 11.19, eff.
September 1, 2009.
PENAL CODE
Chapter 9. JUSTIFICATION EXCLUDING CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY
Subchapter A GENERAL PROVISIONS
PC §9.01. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
(1) “Custody” has the meaning assigned by Section 38.01.
(2) “Escape” has the meaning assigned by Section 38.01.
(3) “Deadly force” means force that is intended or known by the actor to cause,
or in the manner of its use or intended use is capable of causing, death or
serious bodily injury.
(4) “Habitation” has the meaning assigned by Section 30.01.
(5) “Vehicle” has the meaning assigned by Section 30.01.

Last amended by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1 (S.B. 378), Sec. 1, eff. September 1,
2007.
PC §9.02. JUSTIFICATION AS A DEFENSE. It is a defense to prosecution that
the conduct in question is justified under this chapter.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.03. CONFINEMENT AS JUSTIFIABLE FORCE. Confinement is justified
when force is justified by this chapter if the actor takes reasonable measures to
terminate the confinement as soon as he knows he safely can unless the person
confined has been arrested for an offense.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
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PC §9.04. THREATS AS JUSTIFIABLE FORCE. The threat of force is justified
when the use of force is justified by this chapter. For purposes of this section, a
threat to cause death or serious bodily injury by the production of a weapon or
otherwise, as long as the actor’s purpose is limited to creating an apprehension
that he will use deadly force if necessary, does not constitute the use of deadly
force.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.05. RECKLESS INJURY OF INNOCENT THIRD PERSON. Even though
an actor is justified under this chapter in threatening or using force or deadly force
against another, if in doing so he also recklessly injures or kills an innocent third
person, the justification afforded by this chapter is unavailable in a prosecution for
the reckless injury or killing of the innocent third person.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.06. CIVIL REMEDIES UNAFFECTED. The fact that conduct is justified
under this chapter does not abolish or impair any remedy for the conduct that is
available in a civil suit.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
Subchapter B. JUSTIFICATION GENERALLY
PC §9.21. PUBLIC DUTY. (a) Except as qualified by Subsections (b) and (c),
conduct is justified if the actor reasonably believes the conduct is required
or authorized by law, by the judgment or order of a competent court or other
governmental tribunal, or in the execution of legal process.
(b) The other sections of this chapter control when force is used against a person
to protect persons (Subchapter C), to protect property (Subchapter D), for law
enforcement (Subchapter E), or by virtue of a special relationship (Subchapter F).
(c) The use of deadly force is not justified under this section unless the actor
reasonably believes the deadly force is specifically required by statute or unless it
occurs in the lawful conduct of war. If deadly force is so justified, there is no duty
to retreat before using it.
(d) The justification afforded by this section is available if the actor reasonably
believes:
(1) the court or governmental tribunal has jurisdiction or the process is lawful,
even though the court or governmental tribunal lacks jurisdiction or the process
is unlawful; or
(2) his conduct is required or authorized to assist a public servant in the
performance of his official duty, even though the servant exceeds his lawful
authority.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.22. NECESSITY. Conduct is justified if:
(1) the actor reasonably believes the conduct is immediately necessary to
avoid imminent harm;
(2) the desirability and urgency of avoiding the harm clearly outweigh,
according to ordinary standards of reasonableness, the harm sought to be
prevented by the law proscribing the conduct; and
(3) a legislative purpose to exclude the justification claimed for the conduct
does not otherwise plainly appear.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
Subchapter C. PROTECTION OF PERSONS
PC §9.31. SELF-DEFENSE. (a) Except as provided in Subsection (b), a person
is justified in using force against another when and to the degree the actor
reasonably believes the force is immediately necessary to protect the actor
against the other’s use or attempted use of unlawful force. The actor’s belief
that the force was immediately necessary as described by this subsection is
presumed to be reasonable if the actor:
(1) knew or had reason to believe that the person against whom the force was
used:
(A) unlawfully and with force entered, or was attempting to enter unlawfully
and with force, the actor’s occupied habitation, vehicle, or place of business
or employment;
(B) unlawfully and with force removed, or was attempting to remove
unlawfully and with force, the actor from the actor’s habitation, vehicle, or
place of business or employment; or
(C) was committing or attempting to commit aggravated kidnapping, murder,
sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, robbery, or aggravated robbery;
(2) did not provoke the person against whom the force was used; and
(3) was not otherwise engaged in criminal activity, other than a Class C
misdemeanor that is a violation of a law or ordinance regulating traffic at the
time the force was used.
(b) The use of force against another is not justified:
(1) in response to verbal provocation alone;
(2) to resist an arrest or search that the actor knows is being made by a peace
officer, or by a person acting in a peace officer’s presence and at his direction,
even though the arrest or search is unlawful, unless the resistance is justified
under Subsection (c);
(3) if the actor consented to the exact force used or attempted by the other;
(4) if the actor provoked the other’s use or attempted use of unlawful force,
unless:
(A) the actor abandons the encounter, or clearly communicates to the other
his intent to do so reasonably believing he cannot safely abandon the
encounter; and
(B) the other nevertheless continues or attempts to use unlawful force
against the actor; or
(5) if the actor sought an explanation from or discussion with the other person
concerning the actor’s differences with the other person while the actor was:
(A) carrying a weapon in violation of Section 46.02; or
(B) possessing or transporting a weapon in violation of Section 46.05.
(c) The use of force to resist an arrest or search is justified:
(1) if, before the actor offers any resistance, the peace officer (or person acting
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at his direction) uses or attempts to use greater force than necessary to make
the arrest or search; and
(2) when and to the degree the actor reasonably believes the force is
immediately necessary to protect himself against the peace officer’s (or other
person’s) use or attempted use of greater force than necessary.
(d) The use of deadly force is not justified under this subchapter except as
provided in Sections 9.32, 9.33, and 9.34.
(e) A person who has a right to be present at the location where the force is used,
who has not provoked the person against whom the force is used, and who is not
engaged in criminal activity at the time the force is used is not required to retreat
before using force as described by this section.
(f) For purposes of Subsection (a), in determining whether an actor described by
Subsection (e) reasonably believed that the use of force was necessary, a finder
of fact may not consider whether the actor failed to retreat.

Last amended by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1 (S.B. 378), Sec. 2, eff. September 1,
2007.
PC §9.32. DEADLY FORCE IN DEFENSE OF PERSON. (a) A person is justified
in using deadly force against another:
(1) if the actor would be justified in using force against the other under Section
9.31; and
(2) when and to the degree the actor reasonably believes the deadly force is
immediately necessary:
(A) to protect the actor against the other’s use or attempted use of unlawful
deadly force; or
(B) to prevent the other’s imminent commission of aggravated kidnapping,
murder, sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, robbery, or aggravated
robbery.
(b) The actor’s belief under Subsection (a)(2) that the deadly force was
immediately necessary as described by that subdivision is presumed to be
reasonable if the actor:
(1) knew or had reason to believe that the person against whom the deadly
force was used:
(A) unlawfully and with force entered, or was attempting to enter unlawfully
and with force, the actor’s occupied habitation, vehicle, or place of business
or employment;
(B) unlawfully and with force removed, or was attempting to remove
unlawfully and with force, the actor from the actor’s habitation, vehicle, or
place of business or employment; or
(C) was committing or attempting to commit an offense described by
Subsection (a)(2)(B);
(2) did not provoke the person against whom the force was used; and
(3) was not otherwise engaged in criminal activity, other than a Class C
misdemeanor that is a violation of a law or ordinance regulating traffic at the
time the force was used.
(c) A person who has a right to be present at the location where the deadly force
is used, who has not provoked the person against whom the deadly force is
used, and who is not engaged in criminal activity at the time the deadly force
is used is not required to retreat before using deadly force as described by this
section.
(d) For purposes of Subsection (a)(2), in determining whether an actor described
by Subsection (c) reasonably believed that the use of deadly force was
necessary, a finder of fact may not consider whether the actor failed to retreat.

Last amended by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1 (S.B. 378), Sec. 3, eff. September 1,
2007.
PC §9.33. DEFENSE OF THIRD PERSON. A person is justified in using force or
deadly force against another to protect a third person if:
(1) under the circumstances as the actor reasonably believes them to be, the
actor would be justified under Section 9.31 or 9.32 in using force or deadly
force to protect himself against the unlawful force or unlawful deadly force he
reasonably believes to be threatening the third person he seeks to protect; and
(2) the actor reasonably believes that his intervention is immediately necessary
to protect the third person.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.34. PROTECTION OF LIFE OR HEALTH. (a) A person is justified in
using force, but not deadly force, against another when and to the degree he
reasonably believes the force is immediately necessary to prevent the other from
committing suicide or inflicting serious bodily injury to himself.
(b) A person is justified in using both force and deadly force against another when
and to the degree he reasonably believes the force or deadly force is immediately
necessary to preserve the other’s life in an emergency.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
Subchapter D. PROTECTION OF PROPERTY
PC §9.41. PROTECTION OF ONE’S OWN PROPERTY. (a) A person in lawful
possession of land or tangible, movable property is justified in using force against
another when and to the degree the actor reasonably believes the force is
immediately necessary to prevent or terminate the other’s trespass on the land or
unlawful interference with the property.
(b) A person unlawfully dispossessed of land or tangible, movable property by
another is justified in using force against the other when and to the degree the
actor reasonably believes the force is immediately necessary to reenter the land
or recover the property if the actor uses the force immediately or in fresh pursuit
after the dispossession and:
(1) the actor reasonably believes the other had no claim of right when he
dispossessed the actor; or
(2) the other accomplished the dispossession by using force, threat, or fraud
against the actor.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.42. DEADLY FORCE TO PROTECT PROPERTY. A person is justified in
using deadly force against another to protect land or tangible, movable property:
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(1) if he would be justified in using force against the other under Section 9.41;
and
(2) when and to the degree he reasonably believes the deadly force is
immediately necessary:
(A) to prevent the other’s imminent commission of arson, burglary, robbery,
aggravated robbery, theft during the nighttime, or criminal mischief during the
nighttime; or
(B) to prevent the other who is fleeing immediately after committing burglary,
robbery, aggravated robbery, or theft during the night¬time from escaping
with the property; and
(3) he reasonably believes that:
(A) the land or property cannot be protected or recovered by any other
means; or
(B) the use of force other than deadly force to protect or recover the land or
property would expose the actor or another to a substantial risk of death or
serious bodily injury.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.43. PROTECTION OF THIRD PERSON’S PROPERTY. A person is
justified in using force or deadly force against another to protect land or tangible,
movable property of a third person if, under the circumstances as he reasonably
believes them to be, the actor would be justified under Section 9.41 or 9.42 in
using force or deadly force to protect his own land or property and:
(1) the actor reasonably believes the unlawful interference constitutes
attempted or consummated theft of or criminal mischief to the tangible
movable property; or
(2) the actor reasonably believes that:
(A) the third person has requested his protection of the land or property;
(B) he has a legal duty to protect the third person’s land or property; or
(C) the third person whose land or property he uses force or deadly force
to protect is the actor’s spouse, parent, or child, resides with the actor, or is
under the actor’s care.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.44. USE OF DEVICE TO PROTECT PROPERTY. The justification
afforded by Sections 9.41 and 9.43 applies to the use of a device to protect land
or tangible, movable property if:
(1) the device is not designed to cause, or known by the actor to create a
substantial risk of causing, death or serious bodily injury; and
(2) use of the device is reasonable under all the circumstances as the actor
reasonably believes them to be when he installs the device.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September. 1, 1994.
Subchapter F. SPECIAL RELATIONSHIPS
PC §9.61. PARENT-CHILD. (a) The use of force, but not deadly force, against a
child younger than 18 years is justified:
(1) if the actor is the child’s parent or stepparent or is acting in loco parentis to
the child; and
(2) when and to the degree the actor reasonably believes the force is necessary
to discipline the child or to safeguard or promote his welfare.
(b) For purposes of this section, “in loco parentis” includes grandparent and
guardian, any person acting by, through, or under the direction of a court with
jurisdiction over the child, and anyone who has express or implied consent of the
parent or parents.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.62. EDUCATOR-STUDENT. The use of force, but not deadly force, against
a person is justified:
(1) if the actor is entrusted with the care, supervision, or administration of the
person for a special purpose; and
(2) when and to the degree the actor reasonably believes the force is necessary
to further the special purpose or to maintain discipline in a group.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
PC §9.63. GUARDIAN-INCOMPETENT. The use of force, but not deadly force,
against a mental incompetent is justified:
(1) if the actor is the incompetent’s guardian or someone similarly responsible
for the general care and supervision of the incompetent; and
(2) when and to the degree the actor reasonably believes the force is
necessary:
(A) to safeguard and promote the incompetent’s welfare; or
(B) if the incompetent is in an institution for his care and custody, to maintain
discipline in the institution.

Last amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 1994.
Chapter 30. CRIMINAL TRESPASS
PC §30.05. CRIMINAL TRESPASS. (a) A person commits an offense if the
person enters or remains on or in property of another, including residential land,
agricultural land, a recreational vehicle park, a building, or an aircraft or other
vehicle, without effective consent and the person:
(1) had notice that the entry was forbidden; or
(2) received notice to depart but failed to do so.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Entry” means the intrusion of the entire body.
(2) “Notice” means:
(A) oral or written communication by the owner or someone with apparent
authority to act for the owner;
(B) fencing or other enclosure obviously designed to exclude intruders or to
contain livestock;
(C) a sign or signs posted on the property or at the entrance to the building,
reasonably likely to come to the attention of intruders, indicating that entry is
forbidden;
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(D) the placement of identifying purple paint marks on trees or posts on the
property, provided that the marks are:
(i) vertical lines of not less than eight inches in length and not less than
one inch in width;
(ii) placed so that the bottom of the mark is not less than three feet from
the ground or more than five feet from the ground; and
(iii) placed at locations that are readily visible to any person approaching
the property and no more than:
(I) 100 feet apart on forest land; or
(II) 1,000 feet apart on land other than forest land; or
(E) the visible presence on the property of a crop grown for human
consumption that is under cultivation, in the process of being harvested, or
marketable if harvested at the time of entry.
(3) “Shelter center” has the meaning assigned by Section 51.002, Human
Resources Code.
(4) “Forest land” means land on which the trees are potentially valuable for
timber products.
(5) “Agricultural land” has the meaning assigned by Section 75.001, Civil
Practice and Remedies Code.
(6) “Superfund site” means a facility that:
(A) is on the National Priorities List established under Section 105 of the
federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and
Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. Section 9605); or
(B) is listed on the state registry established under Section 361.181, Health
and Safety Code.
(7) “Critical infrastructure facility” means one of the following, if completely
enclosed by a fence or other physical barrier that is obviously designed to
exclude intruders:
(A) a chemical manufacturing facility;
(B) a refinery;
(C) an electrical power generating facility, substation, switching station,
electrical control center, or electrical transmission or distribution facility;
(D) a water intake structure, water treatment facility, waste-water treatment
plant, or pump station;
(E) a natural gas transmission compressor station;
(F) a liquid natural gas terminal or storage facility;
(G) a telecommunications central switching office;
(H) a port, railroad switching yard, trucking terminal, or other freight
transportation facility;
(I) a gas processing plant, including a plant used in the processing,
treatment, or fractionation of natural gas; or
(J) a transmission facility used by a federally licensed radio or television
station.
(8) “Protected freshwater area” has the meaning assigned by Section 90.001,
Parks and Wildlife Code.
(9) “Recognized state” means another state with which the attorney general
of this state, with the approval of the governor of this state, negotiated an
agreement after determining that the other state:
(A) has firearm proficiency requirements for peace officers; and
(B) fully recognizes the right of peace officers commissioned in this state to
carry weapons in the other state.
(10) “Recreational vehicle park” means a tract of land that has rental spaces
for two or more recreational vehicles, as defined by Section 522.004,
Transportation Code.
(11) “Residential land” means real property improved by a dwelling and zoned
for or otherwise authorized for single-family or multifamily use.
(c) *[as repealed by Acts Effective September 1,2009, 81st Leg., R.S., HB 2609
§4.]
(d) An offense under this section is:
(1) a Class B misdemeanor, except as provided by Subdivisions (2) and (3);
(2) a Class C misdemeanor, except as provided by Subdivision (3), if the
offense is committed:
(A) on agricultural land and within 100 feet of the boundary of the land; or
(B) on residential land and within 100 feet of a protected fresh-water area;
and
(3) a Class A misdemeanor if:
(A) the offense is committed:
(i) in a habitation or a shelter center;
(ii) on a Superfund site; or
(iii) on or in a critical infrastructure facility; or
(B) the person carries a deadly weapon during the commission of the
offense.
(e) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the actor at the time of
the offense was:
(1) a firefighter or emergency medical services personnel, as defined by
Section 773.003, Health and Safety Code, acting in the lawful discharge of an
official duty under exigent circumstances;
(2) a person who was:
(A) an employee or agent of:
(i) an electric utility, as defined by Section 31.002, Utilities Code;
(ii) a telecommunications provider, as defined by Section 51.002,
Utilities Code;
(iii) a video service provider or cable service provider, as defined by
Section 66.002, Utilities Code;
(iv) a gas utility, as defined by Section 101.003 or 121.001, Utilities
Code; or
(v) a pipeline used for the transportation or sale of oil, gas, or related
products; and
(B) performing a duty within the scope of that employment or agency; or
(3) a person who was:
(A) employed by or acting as agent for an entity that had, or that the person
reasonably believed had, effective consent or authorization provided by law
to enter the property; and
(B) performing a duty within the scope of that employment or agency.
(f) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that:
(1) the basis on which entry on the property or land or in the building was
forbidden is that entry with a handgun was forbidden; and
(2) the person was carrying a concealed handgun and a license issued under
Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, to carry a concealed handgun.
(g) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the actor entered a
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railroad switching yard or any part of a railroad switching yard and was at that
time an employee or a representative of employees exercising a right under the
Railway Labor Act (45 U.S.C. Section 151 et seq.).
(h) At the punishment stage of a trial in which the attorney representing the
state seeks the increase in punishment provided by Subsection (d)(1)(C), the
defendant may raise the issue as to whether the defendant entered or remained
on or in a critical infrastructure facility as part of a peaceful or lawful assembly,
including an attempt to exercise rights guaranteed by state or federal labor laws.
If the defendant proves the issue in the affirmative by a preponderance of the
evidence, the increase in punishment provided by Subsection (d)(1)(C) does not
apply.
(i) This section does not apply if:
(1) the basis on which entry on the property or land or in the building was
forbidden is that entry with a handgun or other weapon was forbidden; and
(2) the actor at the time of the offense was a peace officer, including a
commissioned peace officer of a recognized state, or a special investigator
under Article 2.122, Code of Criminal Procedure, regardless of whether the
peace officer or special investigator was engaged in the actual discharge of
an official duty while carrying the weapon.
(j) *[as repealed by Acts effective September 1, 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., HB 2609
§4.]

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 12, eff. June 14,
2013.
PC §30.06. TRESPASS BY HOLDER OF LICENSE TO CARRY CONCEALED
HANDGUN. (a) A license holder commits an offense if the license holder:
(1) carries a handgun under the authority of Subchapter H, Chapter 411,
Government Code, on property of another without effective consent; and
(2) received notice that:
(A) entry on the property by a license holder with a concealed handgun was
forbidden; or
(B) remaining on the property with a concealed handgun was forbidden and
failed to depart.
(b) For purposes of this section, a person receives notice if the owner of the
property or someone with apparent authority to act for the owner provides notice
to the person by oral or written communication.
(c) In this section:
(1) “Entry” has the meaning assigned by Section 30.05(b).
(2) “License holder” has the meaning assigned by Section 46.035(f).
(3) “Written communication” means:
(A) a card or other document on which is written language identical
to the following: “Pursuant to Section 30.06, Penal Code (trespass by
holder of license to carry a concealed handgun), a person licensed under
Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code (concealed handgun
law), may not enter this property with a concealed handgun”; or
(B) a sign posted on the property that:
(i) includes the language described by Paragraph (A) in both English
and Spanish;
(ii) appears in contrasting colors with block letters at least one inch in
height; and
(iii) is displayed in a conspicuous manner clearly visible to the public.
(d) An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.
(e) It is an exception to the application of this section that the property on which
the license holder carries a handgun is owned or leased by a governmental entity
and is not a premises or other place on which the license holder is prohibited
from carrying the handgun under Section 46.03 or 46.035.

Last amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1178, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2003.
Chapter 38. OBSTRUCTING A GOVERNMENTAL OPERATION
PC §38.01. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
(1) “Custody” means:
(A) under arrest by a peace officer or under restraint by a public servant
pursuant to an order of a court of this state or another state of the United
States; or
(B) under restraint by an agent or employee of a facility that is operated by or
under contract with the United States and that confines persons arrested for,
charged with, or convicted of criminal offenses.
(2) “Escape” means unauthorized departure from custody or failure to return
to custody following temporary leave for a specific purpose or limited period or
leave that is part of an intermittent sentence, but does not include a violation of
conditions of community supervision or parole other than conditions that impose
a period of confinement in a secure correctional facility.

Last amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 293, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 1997; Acts
1997, 75th Leg., ch. 750, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 1997.
Chapter 42. DISORDERLY CONDUCT AND RELATED OFFENSES
PC §42.01. DISORDERLY CONDUCT. (a) A person commits an offense if he
intentionally or knowingly:
(1) uses abusive, indecent, profane, or vulgar language in a public place, and
the language by its very utterance tends to incite an immediate breach of the
peace;
(2) makes an offensive gesture or display in a public place, and the gesture or
display tends to incite an immediate breach of the peace;
(3) creates, by chemical means, a noxious and unreasonable odor in a public
place;
(4) abuses or threatens a person in a public place in an obviously offensive
manner;
(5) makes unreasonable noise in a public place other than a sport shooting
range, as defined by Section 250.001, Local Government Code, or in or near a
private residence that he has no right to occupy;
(6) fights with another in a public place;
(7) discharges a firearm in a public place other than a public road or a sport
shooting range, as defined by Section 250.001, Local Government Code;
(8) displays a firearm or other deadly weapon in a public place in a manner
calculated to alarm;
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(9) discharges a firearm on or across a public road;
(10) exposes his anus or genitals in a public place and is reckless about
whether another may be present who will be offended or alarmed by his act; or
(11) for a lewd or unlawful purpose:
(A) enters on the property of another and looks into a dwelling on the
property through any window or other opening in the dwelling;
(B) while on the premises of a hotel or comparable establishment, looks into
a guest room not the person’s own through a window or other opening in
the room; or
(C) while on the premises of a public place, looks into an area such as a
rest room or shower stall or changing or dressing room that is designed to
provide privacy to a person using the area.
(b) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(4) that the actor had
significant provocation for his abusive or threatening conduct.
(c) For purposes of this section:
(1) an act is deemed to occur in a public place or near a private residence if it
produces its offensive or proscribed consequences in the public place or near
a private residence; and
(2) a noise is presumed to be unreasonable if the noise exceeds a decibel
level of 85 after the person making the noise receives notice from a magistrate
or peace officer that the noise is a public nuisance.
(d) An offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor unless committed
under Subsection (a)(7) or (a)(8), in which event it is a Class B misdemeanor.
(e) It is a defense to prosecution for an offense under Subsection (a)(7) or (9)
that the person who discharged the firearm had a reason-able fear of bodily injury
to the person or to another by a dangerous wild animal as defined by Section
822.101, Health and Safety Code.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1409 (S.B. 1114), Sec. 9, eff. September
1, 2013.
Chapter 46. WEAPONS
PC §46.01. DEFINITIONS. In this Chapter:
(1) “Club” means an instrument that is specially designed, made, or adapted for
the purpose of inflicting serious bodily injury or death by striking a person with the
instrument, and includes but is not limited to the following:
(A) blackjack;
(B) nightstick;
(C) mace;
(D) tomahawk.
(2) “Explosive weapon” means any explosive or incendiary bomb, grenade,
rocket, or mine, that is designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting
serious bodily injury, death, or substantial property damage, or for the principal
purpose of causing such a loud report as to cause undue public alarm or terror,
and includes a device designed, made, or adapted for delivery or shooting an
explosive weapon.
(3) “Firearm” means any device designed, made, or adapted to expel a projectile
through a barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning
substance or any device readily convertible to that use. Firearm does not include
a firearm that may have, as an integral part, a folding knife blade or other
characteristics of weapons made illegal by this chapter and that is:
(A) an antique or curio firearm manufactured before 1899; or
(B) a replica of an antique or curio firearm manufactured before 1899, but only
if the replica does not use rim fire or center fire ammunition.
(4) “Firearm silencer” means any device designed, made, or adapted to muffle
the report of a firearm.
(5) “Handgun” means any firearm that is designed, made, or adapted to be fired
with one hand.
(6) “Illegal knife” means a:
(A) knife with a blade over five and one-half inches;
(B) hand instrument designed to cut or stab another by being thrown;
(C) dagger, including but not limited to a dirk, stiletto, and poniard;
(D) bowie knife;
(E) sword; or
(F) spear.
(7) “Knife” means any bladed hand instrument that is capable of inflicting serious
bodily injury or death by cutting or stabbing a person with the instrument.
(8) “Knuckles” means any instrument that consists of finger rings or guards made
of a hard substance and that is designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of
inflicting serious bodily injury or death by striking a person with a fist enclosed in
the knuckles.
(9) “Machine gun” means any firearm that is capable of shooting more than two
shots automatically, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.
(10) “Short-barrel firearm” means a rifle with a barrel length of less than 16
inches or a shotgun with a barrel length of less than 18 inches, or any weapon
made from a shotgun or rifle if, as altered, it has an overall length of less than 26
inches.
(11) “Switchblade knife” means any knife that has a blade that folds, closes,
or retracts into the handle or sheath and that opens automatically by pressure
applied to a button or other device located on the handle or opens or releases
a blade from the handle or sheath by the force of gravity or by the application
of centrifugal force. The term does not include a knife that has a spring, detent,
or other mechanism designed to create a bias toward closure and that requires
exertion applied to the blade by hand, wrist, or arm to overcome the bias toward
closure and open the knife.
(12) “Armor-piercing ammunition” means handgun ammunition that is designed
primarily for the purpose of penetrating metal or body armor and to be used
principally in pistols and revolvers.
(13) “Hoax bomb” means a device that:
(A) reasonably appears to be an explosive or incendiary device; or
(B) by its design causes alarm or reaction of any type by an official of
a public safety agency or a volunteer agency organized to deal with
emergencies.
(14) “Chemical dispensing device” means a device, other than a small chemical
dispenser sold commercially for personal protection, that is designed, made,
or adapted for the purpose of dispensing a substance capable of causing an
adverse psychological or physiological effect on a human being.
(15) “Racetrack” has the meaning assigned that term by the Texas Racing Act
(Article 179e, Vernon’s Texas Civil Statutes).
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(16) “Zip gun” means a device or combination of devices that was not originally a
firearm and is adapted to expel a projectile through a smooth-bore or rifled-bore
barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning substance.
(17) “Tire deflation device” means a device, including a caltrop or spike strip,
that, when driven over, impedes or stops the movement of a wheeled vehicle by
puncturing one or more of the vehicle’s tires. The term does not include a traffic
control device that:
(A) is designed to puncture one or more of a vehicle’s tires when driven over
in a specific direction; and
(B) has a clearly visible sign posted in close proximity to the traffic control
device that prohibits entry or warns motor vehicle operators of the traffic
control device.

Last amended by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 920 (S.B. 1416), Sec. 1, eff. September
1, 2011.
PC §46.02. UNLAWFUL CARRYING WEAPONS. (a) A person commits an
offense if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly carries on or about his
or her person a handgun, illegal knife, or club if the person is not:
(1) on the person’s own premises or premises under the person’s control; or
(2) inside of or directly en route to a motor vehicle or watercraft that is owned
by the person or under the person’s control.
(a-1) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally, knowingly, or
recklessly carries on or about his or her person a handgun in a motor vehicle or
watercraft that is owned by the person or under the person’s control at any time in
which:
(1) the handgun is in plain view; or
(2) the person is:
(A) engaged in criminal activity, other than a Class C misdemeanor that is a
violation of a law or ordinance regulating traffic or boating;
(B) prohibited by law from possessing a firearm; or
(C) a member of a criminal street gang, as defined by Section 71.01.
(a-2) For purposes of this section, “premises” includes real property and a
recreational vehicle that is being used as living quarters, regardless of whether
that use is temporary or permanent. In this subsection, “recreational vehicle”
means a motor vehicle primarily designed as temporary living quarters or a
vehicle that contains temporary living quarters and is designed to be towed by
a motor vehicle. The term includes a travel trailer, camping trailer, truck camper,
motor home, and horse trailer with living quarters.
(a-3) For purposes of this section, “watercraft” means any boat, motorboat,
vessel, or personal watercraft, other than a seaplane on water, used or capable of
being used for transportation on water;
(b) Except as provided by Subsection (c), an offense under this section is a Class
A misdemeanor.
(c) An offense under this section is a felony of the third degree if the offense is
committed on any premises licensed or issued a permit by this state for the sale
of alcoholic beverages.

Last amended by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 679 (H.B. 25), Sec. 1, eff. September 1,
2011.
PC §46.03. PLACES WEAPONS PROHIBITED. (a) A person commits an offense
if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly possesses or goes with a
firearm, illegal knife, club, or prohibited weapon listed in Section 46.05(a):
(1) on the physical premises of a school or educational institution, any grounds
or building on which an activity sponsored by a school or educational institution
is being conducted, or a passenger transportation vehicle of a school or
educational institution, whether the school or educational institution is public
or private, unless pursuant to written regulations or written authorization of the
institution;
(2) on the premises of a polling place on the day of an election or while early
voting is in progress;
(3) on the premises of any government court or offices utilized by the court,
unless pursuant to written regulations or written authorization of the court;
(4) on the premises of a racetrack; or
(5) in or into a secured area of an airport.
(6) within 1,000 feet of premises the location of which is designated by the Texas
Department of Criminal Justice as a place of execution under Article 43.19,
Code of Criminal Procedure, on a day that a sentence of death is set to be
imposed on the designated premises and the person received notice that:
(A) going within 1,000 feet of the premises with a weapon listed under this
subsection was prohibited; or
(B) possessing a weapon listed under this subsection within 1,000 feet of the
premises was prohibited.
(b) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsections (a)(1)-(4) that the actor
possessed a firearm while in the actual discharge of his official duties as a
member of the armed forces or national guard or a guard employed by a penal
institution, or an officer of the court.
(c) In this section:
(1) “Premises” has the meaning assigned by Section 46.035.
(2) “Secured area” means an area of an airport terminal building to which
access is controlled by the inspection of persons and property under federal
law.
(d) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(5) that the actor
possessed a firearm or club while traveling to or from the actor’s place of
assignment or in the actual discharge of duties as:
(1) a member of the armed forces or national guard;
(2) a guard employed by a penal institution; or
(3) a security officer commissioned by the Texas Private Security Board if:
(A) the actor is wearing a distinctive uniform; and
(B) the firearm or club is in plain view; or
(4) a security officer who holds a personal protection authorization under Chapter
1702, Occupations Code, provided that the officer is either:
(A) wearing the uniform of a security officer, including any uniform or apparel
described by Section 1702.323(d), Occupations Code, and carrying the
officer’s firearm in plain view; or
(B) not wearing the uniform of a security officer and carrying the officer’s
firearm in a concealed manner.
(e) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(5) that the actor checked
all firearms as baggage in accordance with federal or state law or regulations
before entering a secured area.
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(f) It is not a defense to prosecution under this section that the actor possessed
a handgun and was licensed to carry a concealed handgun under Subchapter H,
Chapter 411, Government Code.
(g) An offense under this section is a third degree felony.
(h) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(4) that the actor
possessed a firearm or club while traveling to or from the actor’s place
of assignment or in the actual discharge of duties as a security officer
commissioned by the Texas Board of Private Investigators and Private Security
agencies, if:
(1) the actor is wearing a distinctive uniform; and
(2) the firearm or club is in plain view.
(i) It is an exception to the application of Subsection (a)(6) that the actor
possessed a firearm or club:
(1) while in a vehicle being driven on a public road; or
(2) at the actor’s residence or place of employment.

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 4B.21, eff.
September 1, 2009.
PC §46.035. UNLAWFUL CARRYING OF HANDGUN BY LICENSE HOLDER.
(a) A license holder commits an offense if the license holder carries a handgun
on or about the license holder’s person under the authority of Subchapter H,
Chapter 411, Government Code, and intentionally displays the handgun in plain
view of another person in a public place.
(b) A license holder commits an offense if the license holder intentionally,
knowingly, or recklessly carries a handgun under the authority of Subchapter
H, Chapter 411, Government Code, regardless of whether the handgun is
concealed, on or about the license holder’s person:
(1) on the premises of a business that has a permit or license issued under
Chapter 25, 28, 32, 69, or 74, Alcoholic Beverage Code, if the business
derives 51 percent or more of its income from the sale or service of alcoholic
beverages for on-premises consumption, as determined by the Texas Alcoholic
Beverage Commission under Section 104.06, Alcoholic Beverage Code;
(2) on the premises where a high school, collegiate, or professional sporting
event or interscholastic event is taking place, unless the license holder is a
participant in the event and a handgun is used in the event;
(3) on the premises of a correctional facility;
(4) on the premises of a hospital licensed under Chapter 241, Health
and Safety Code, or on the premises of a nursing home licensed under
Chapter 242, Health and Safety Code, unless the license holder has written
authorization of the hospital or nursing home administration, as appropriate;
(5) in an amusement park; or
(6) on the premises of a church, synagogue, or other established place of
religious worship.
(c) A license holder commits an offense if the license holder intentionally,
knowingly, or recklessly carries a handgun under the authority of Subchapter
H, Chapter 411, Government Code, regardless of whether the handgun is
concealed, at any meeting of a governmental entity.
(d) A license holder commits an offense if, while intoxicated, the license
holder carries a handgun under the authority of Subchapter H, Chapter 411,
Government Code, regardless of whether the handgun is concealed.
(e) A license holder who is licensed as a security officer under Chapter 1702,
Occupations Code, and employed as a security officer commits an offense if,
while in the course and scope of the security officer’s employment, the security
officer violates a provision of Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code.
(f) In this section:
(1) “Amusement park” means a permanent indoor or outdoor facility or park
where amusement rides are available for use by the public that is located in
a county with a population of more than one million, encompasses at least 75
acres in surface area, is enclosed with access only through controlled entries,
is open for operation more than 120 days in each calendar year, and has
security guards on the premises at all times. The term does not include any
public or private driveway, street, sidewalk or walkway, parking lot, parking
garage, or other parking area.
(2) “License holder” means a person licensed to carry a handgun under
Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code.
(3) “Premises” means a building or a portion of a building. The term does not
include any public or private driveway, street, sidewalk or walkway, parking lot,
parking garage, or other parking area.
(g) An offense under Subsection (a), (b), (c), (d), or (e) is a Class A
misdemeanor, unless the offense is committed under Subsection (b)(1) or (b)(3),
in which event the offense is a felony of the third degree.
(h) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a) that the actor, at the time
of the commission of the offense, displayed the handgun under circumstances
in which the actor would have been justified in the use of force or deadly force
under Chapter 9.
Text of subsection as added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1214 (H.B. 1889),
Sec. 2
(h-1) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsections (b) and (c) that the actor,
at the time of the commission of the offense, was:
(1) an active judicial officer, as defined by Section 411.201, Government
Code; or
(2) a bailiff designated by the active judicial officer and engaged in escorting
the officer.
Text of subsection as added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1222 (H.B. 2300),
Sec. 5
(h-1) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsections (b)(1), (2), and (4)-(6),
and (c) that at the time of the commission of the offense, the actor was:
(1) a judge or justice of a federal court;
(2) an active judicial officer, as defined by Section 411.201, Government
Code; or
(3) a district attorney, assistant district attorney, criminal district attorney,
assistant criminal district attorney, county attorney, or assistant county
attorney.
(i) Subsections (b)(4), (b)(5), (b)(6), and (c) do not apply if the actor was not
given effective notice under Section 30.06.
(j) Subsections (a) and (b)(1) do not apply to a historical reenactment performed
in compliance with the rules of the Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission.
(k) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (b)(1) that the actor was not
given effective notice under Section 411.204, Government Code.
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Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 72 (S.B. 299), Sec. 1, eff. September 1,
2013.
PC §46.04. UNLAWFUL POSSESSION OF FIREARM. (a) A person who has
been convicted of a felony commits an offense if he possesses a firearm:
(1) after conviction and before the fifth anniversary of the person’s release from
confinement following conviction of the felony or the person’s release from
supervision under community supervision, parole, or mandatory supervision,
whichever date is later; or
(2) after the period described by Subdivision (1), at any location other than the
premises at which the person lives.
(b) A person who has been convicted of an offense under Section 22.01,
punishable as a Class A misdemeanor and involving a member of the person’s
family or household, commits an offense if the person possesses a firearm before
the fifth anniversary of the later of:
(1) the date of the person’s release from confinement following conviction of
the misdemeanor; or
(2) the date of the person’s release from community supervision following
conviction of the misdemeanor.
(c) A person, other than a peace officer, as defined by Section 1.07, actively
engaged in employment as a sworn, full-time paid employee of a state agency
or political subdivision, who is subject to an order issued under Section 6.504 or
Chapter 85, Family Code, under Article 17.292 or Chapter 7A, Code of Criminal
Procedure, or by another jurisdiction as provided by Chapter 88, Family Code,
commits an offense if the person possesses a firearm after receiving notice of the
order and before expiration of the order.
(d) In this section, “family,” “household,” and “member of a house¬hold” have the
meanings assigned by Chapter 71, Family Code.
(e) An offense under Subsection (a) is a felony of the third degree. An offense
under Subsection (b) or (c) is a Class A misdemeanor.
(f) For the purposes of this section, an offense under the laws of this state,
another state, or the United States is, except as provided by Subsection (g), a
felony if, at the time it is committed, the offense:
(1) is designated by a law of this state as a felony;
(2) contains all the elements of an offense designated by a law of this state as
a felony; or
(3) is punishable by confinement for one year or more in a penitentiary.
(g) An offense is not considered a felony for purposes of Subsection
(h) if, at the time the person possesses a firearm, the offense:
(1) is not designated by a law of this state as a felony; and
(2) does not contain all the elements of any offense designated by a law of this
state as a felony.

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 11.24, eff.
September 1, 2009.
PC §46.05. PROHIBITED WEAPONS. (a) A person commits an offense if the
person intentionally or knowingly possesses, manufactures, transports, repairs,
or sells:
(1) an explosive weapon;
(2) a machine gun;
(3) a short-barrel firearm;
(4) a firearm silencer;
(5) knuckles;
(6) armor-piercing ammunition;
(7) a chemical dispensing device;
(8) a zip gun; or
(9) a tire deflation device.
(b) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the actor’s conduct was
incidental to the performance of official duty by the armed forces or national
guard, a governmental law enforcement agency, or a correctional facility.
(c) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the actor’s possession
was pursuant to registration pursuant to the National Firearms Act, as amended.
(d) It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this section that the actor’s
conduct:
(1) was incidental to dealing with a short-barrel firearm or tire deflation device
solely as an antique or curio;
(2) was incidental to dealing with armor-piercing ammunition solely for the
purpose of making the ammunition available to an organization, agency, or
institution listed in Subsection (b); or
(3) was incidental to dealing with a tire deflation device solely for the purpose
of making the device available to an organization, agency, or institution listed in
Subsection (b).
(e) An offense under Subsection (a)(1), (2), (3), (4), (6), (7), or (8) is a felony of
the third degree. An offense under Subsection (a)(9) is a state jail felony. An
offense under Subsection (a)(5) is a Class A misdemeanor.
(f) It is a defense to prosecution under this section for the possession of a
chemical dispensing device that the actor is a security officer and has received
training on the use of the chemical dispensing device by a training program that
is:
(1) provided by the Texas Commission on Law Enforcement; or
(2) approved for the purposes described by this subsection by the Texas
Private Security Board of the Department of Public Safety.
(g) In Subsection (f), “security officer” means a commissioned security officer as
defined by Section 1702.002, Occupations Code, or a noncommissioned security
officer registered under Section 1702.221, Occupations Code.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 960 (H.B. 1862), Sec. 1, eff. September
1, 2013.
PC §46.10. DEADLY WEAPON IN PENAL INSTITUTION. (a) A person commits
an offense if, while confined in a penal institution, he intentionally, knowingly, or
recklessly:
(1) carries on or about his person a deadly weapon; or
(2) possesses or conceals a deadly weapon in the penal institution.
(b) It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this section that at the time of
the offense the actor was engaged in conduct authorized by an employee of the
penal institution.
(c) A person who is subject to prosecution under both this section and another
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section under this Chapter may be prosecuted under either section.
(d) An offense under this section is a felony of the third degree.

Renumbered from Penal Code Sec. 46.11 by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff.
September 1, 1994.
PC §46.13. MAKING A FIREARM ACCESSIBLE TO A CHILD. (a) In this
section:
(1) “Child” means a person younger than 17 years of age.
(2) “Readily dischargeable firearm” means a firearm that is loaded with
ammunition, whether or not a round is in the chamber.
(3) “Secure” means to take steps that a reasonable person would take to
prevent the access to a readily dischargeable firearm by a child, including but
not limited to placing a firearm in a locked container or temporarily rendering
the firearm inoperable by a trigger lock or other means
(b) A person commits an offense if a child gains access to a readily dischargeable
firearm and the person with criminal negligence:
(1) failed to secure the firearm; or
(2) left the firearm in a place to which the person knew or should have known
the child would gain access.
(c) It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this section that the child’s
access to the firearm:
(1) was supervised by a person older than 18 years of age and was for hunting,
sporting, or other lawful purposes;
(2) consisted of lawful defense by the child of people or property;
(3) was gained by entering property in violation of this code; or
(4) occurred during a time when the actor was engaged in an agricultural
enterprise.
(d) Except as provided by Subsection (e), an offense under this section is a Class
C misdemeanor.
(e) An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor if the child discharges
the firearm and causes death or serious bodily injury to himself or another
person.
(f) A peace officer or other person may not arrest the actor before the seventh
day after the date on which the offense is committed if:
(1) the actor is a member of the family, as defined by Section 71.003, Family
Code, of the child who discharged the firearm; and
(2) the child in discharging the firearm caused the death of or serious injury to
the child.
(g) A dealer of firearms shall post in a conspicuous position on the premises
where the dealer conducts business a sign that contains the following warning in
block letters not less than one inch in height:
“IT IS UNLAWFUL TO STORE, TRANSPORT, OR ABANDON AN UNSECURED
FIREARM IN A PLACE WHERE CHILDREN ARE LIKELY TO BE AND CAN
OBTAIN ACCESS TO THE FIREARM.”

Last amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, Sec. 15.02(g), eff. September 1, 1999.
PC §46.15. NON-APPLICABILITY. (a) Sections 46.02 and 46.03 do not apply to
a person who:
(1) peace officers or special investigators under Article 2.122, Code of Criminal
Procedure, and neither section prohibits a peace officer or special investigator
from carrying a weapon in this state, including in an establishment in this
state serving the public, regardless of whether the peace officer or special
investigator is engaged in the actual discharge of the officer’s or investigator’s
duties while carrying the weapon;
(2) parole officers and neither section prohibits an officer from carrying a
weapon in this state if the officer is:
(A) engaged in the actual discharge of the officer’s duties while carrying the
weapon; and
(B) in compliance with policies and procedures adopted by the Texas
Department of Criminal Justice regarding the possession of a weapon by an
officer while on duty;
(3) community supervision and corrections department officers appointed
or employed under Section 76.004, Government Code, and neither section
prohibits an officer from carrying a weapon in this state if the officer is:
(A) engaged in the actual discharge of the officer’s duties while carrying the
weapon; and
(B) authorized to carry a weapon under Section 76.0051, Government
Code;
(4) an active judicial officer as defined by Section 411.201, Government Code,
who is licensed to carry a concealed handgun under Subchapter H, Chapter
411, Government Code;
(5) an honorably retired peace officer, qualified retired law enforcement officer,
federal criminal investigator or former reserve law enforcement officer who
holds a certificate of proficiency issued under Section 1701.357, Occupations
Code, and is carrying a photo identification that is issued by a federal, state,
or local law enforcement agency, as applicable, and that:
(A) verifies the officer is an honorably retired peace officer;
(B) a qualified retired law enforcement officer;
(C) a federal criminal investigator; or
(D) a former reserve law enforcement officer who has served in that
capacity not less than a total of 15 years with one or more state or local law
enforcement agencies.
(6) a district attorney, criminal district attorney, county attorney, or municipal
attorney who is licensed to carry a concealed handgun under Subchapter H,
Chapter 411, Government Code;
(7) an assistant district attorney, assistant criminal district attorney, or
assistant county attorney who is licensed to carry a concealed handgun under
Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code;
(8) a bailiff designated by an active judicial officer as defined by Section
411.201, Government Code, who is:
(A) licensed to carry a concealed handgun under Chapter 411, Government
Code; and
(B) engaged in escorting the judicial officer; or
(9) a juvenile probation officer who is authorized to carry a firearm under
Section 142.006, Human Resources Code.
(b) Section 46.02 does not apply to a person who:
(1) is in the actual discharge of official duties as a member of the armed forces
or state military forces as defined by Section 431.001, Government Code, or as
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a guard employed by a penal institution;
(2) is traveling;
(3) is engaging in lawful hunting, fishing, or other sporting activity on the
immediate premises where the activity is conducted, or is en route between the
premises and the actor’s residence, motor vehicle, or watercraft, if the weapon is
a type commonly used in the activity;
(4) holds a security officer commission issued by the Texas Private Security
Board, if the person is engaged in the performance of the person’s duties as an
officer commissioned under Chapter 1702, Occupations Code, or is traveling
to or from the person’s place of assignment and is wearing the officer’s uniform
and carrying the officer’s weapon in plain view;
(5) acts as a personal protection officer and carries the person’s security officer
commission and personal protection officer authorization, if the person:
(A) is engaged in the performance of the person’s duties as a personal
protection officer under Chapter 1702, Occupations Code, or is traveling to or
from the person’s place of assignment; and
(B) is either:
(i) wearing the uniform of a security officer, including any uniform or
apparel described by Section 1702.323(d), Occupations Code, and
carrying the officer’s weapon in plain view; or
(ii) not wearing the uniform of a security officer and carrying the officer’s
weapon in a concealed manner;
(6) is carrying a concealed handgun and a valid license issued under
Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, to carry a concealed handgun;
(7) holds an alcoholic beverage permit or license or is an employee of a holder
of an alcoholic beverage permit or license if the person is supervising the
operation of the permitted or licensed premises; or
(8) is a student in a law enforcement class engaging in an activity required as
part of the class, if the weapon is a type commonly used in the activity and the
person is:
(A) on the immediate premises where the activity is conducted; or
(B) en route between those premises and the person’s residence and is
carrying the weapon unloaded.
(c) The provision of Section 46.02 prohibiting the carrying of a club does
not apply to a noncommissioned security guard at an institution of higher
education who carries a nightstick or similar club, and who has undergone 15
hours of training in the proper use of the club, including at least seven hours
of training in the use of the club for nonviolent restraint. For the purposes of
this subsection, “nonviolent restraint” means the use of reasonable force, not
intended and not likely to inflict bodily injury.
(d) The provisions of Section 46.02 prohibiting the carrying of a firearm or
carrying of a club do not apply to a public security officer employed by the
adjutant general under Section 431.029, Government Code, in performance of
official duties or while traveling to or from a place of duty.
(e) The provisions of Section 46.02 prohibiting the carrying of an illegal knife do
not apply to an individual carrying a bowie knife or a sword used in a historical
demonstration or in a ceremony in which the knife or sword is significant to the
performance of the ceremony.
(f) Section 46.03(a)(6) does not apply to a person who possesses a firearm or
club while in the actual discharge of official duties as:
(1) a member of the armed forces or state military forces, as defined by Section
431.001, Government Code; or
(2) an employee of a penal institution.
(g) The provisions of Sections 46.02 and 46.03 prohibiting the possession or
carrying of a club do not apply to an animal control officer who holds a certificate
issued under Section 829.006, Health and Safety Code, and who possesses or
carries an instrument used specifically for deterring the bite of an animal while the
officer is in the performance of official duties under the Health and Safety Code or
is traveling to or from a place of duty.
(h) *[repealed by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., RS, HB 1815, §3.]
(i) *[repealed by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., RS, HB 1815, §3.]
(j) The provisions of Section 46.02 prohibiting the carrying of a handgun do
not apply to an individual who carries a handgun as a participant in a historical
reenactment performed in accordance with the rules of the Texas Alcoholic
Beverage Commission.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 13, eff. June 14,
2013.
Chapter 49. INTOXICATION AND ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE OFFENSES
PC §49.01. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
(1) “Alcohol concentration” means the number of grams of alcohol per:
(A) 210 liters of breath;
(B) 100 milliliters of blood; or
(C) 67 milliliters of urine.
(2) “Intoxicated” means:
(A) not having the normal use of mental or physical faculties by reason of the
introduction of alcohol, a controlled substance, a drug, a dangerous drug, a
combination of two or more of those substances, or any other substance into
the body; or
(B) having an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more.

Last amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.707, eff. September 1, 2001.
ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE CODE
ABC §11.041. WARNING SIGN REQUIRED. (a) Each holder of a permit who
is not otherwise required to display a sign under Section 411.204, Government
Code, shall display in a prominent place on the permit holder’s premises a sign
giving notice that is unlawful for a person to carry a weapon on the premises
unless the weapon is a concealed handgun the person is licensed to carry under
Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code.
(b) The sign must be at least 6 inches high and 14 inches wide, must appear in
contrasting colors, and shall be displayed in a conspicuous manner clearly visible
to the public. The commission or administrator may require the permit holder
to also display the sign in a language other than English if it can be observed or
determined that a substantial portion of the expected customers speak the other
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language as their familiar language.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 1, eff. June 14,
2013.
ABC §11.61. CANCELLATION OR SUSPENSION OF PERMIT.
(e) Except as provided by Subsection (f) or (i), the commission or administrator
shall cancel an original or renewal permit if it is found, after notice and hearing,
that the permittee knowingly allowed a person to possess a firearm in a building
on the licensed premises. This subsection does not apply to a person:
(1) who holds a security officer commission issued under Chapter 1702,
Occupations Code, if;
(A) the person is engaged in the performance of the person’s duties as a
security officer,
(B) the person is wearing a distinctive uniform; and
(C) the weapon is in plain view;
(2) who is a peace officer;
(3) who is a permittee or an employee of a permittee if the person is supervising
the operation of the premises; or
(4) who possesses a concealed handgun the person is licensed to carry under
Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, unless the person is on the
premises of a business described by Section 46.035(b)(1), Penal Code.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 2, eff. June 14,
2013.
ABC §61.11. WARNING SIGN REQUIRED. (a) Each holder of a license who
is not otherwise required to display a sign under Section 411.204, Government
Code, shall display in a prominent place on the license holder’s premises a sign
giving notice that it is unlawful for a person to carry a weapon on the premises
unless the weapon is a concealed handgun the person is licensed to carry under
Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code.
(b) The sign must be at least 6 inches high and 14 inches wide, must appear
in contrasting colors, and shall be displayed in a conspicuous manner clearly
visible to the public. The commission or administrator may require the holder of
the license to also display the sign in a language other than English if it can be
observed or determined that a substantial portion of the expected customers
speak the other language as their familiar language.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 3, eff. June 14,
2013.
ABC §61.71. GROUNDS FOR CANCELLATION OR SUSPENSION: RETAIL
DEALER.
(f) Except as provided by Subsection (g) or (j), the commission or administrator
shall cancel an original or renewal dealer’s license on-premises or off-premises
license if it is found, after notice and hearing, that the licensee knowingly allowed
a person to possess a firearm in a building on the licensed premises. This
subsection does not apply to a person:
(1) who holds a security officer commission issued under Chapter 1702,
Occupations Code, if:
(A) the person is engaged in the performance of the person’s duties as a
security officer;
(B) the person is wearing a distinctive uniform; and
(C) the weapon is in plain view;
(2) who is a peace officer;
(3) who is a licensee or an employee of a licensee if the person is supervising
the operation of the premises; or
(4) who possesses a concealed handgun the person is licensed to carry under
Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, unless the person is on the
premises of a business described by Section 46.035(b)(1), Penal Code.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 4, eff. June 14,
2013.
CIVIL PRACTICE AND REMEDIES CODE
CPRC § 83.001. CIVIL IMMUNITY. A defendant who uses force or deadly force
that is justified under Chapter 9, Penal Code, is immune from civil liability for
personal injury or death that results from the defendant’s use of force or deadly
force, as applicable.

Last amended by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1 (S.B. 378), Sec. 4, eff. September 1,
2007.
CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
CCP Art. 2.127. SCHOOL MARSHALS. (a) Except as provided by Subsection
(b), a school marshal may make arrests and exercise all authority given peace
officers under this code, subject to written regulations adopted by the board of
trustees of a school district or the governing body of an open-enrollment charter
school under Section 37.0811, Education Code, and only act as necessary to
prevent or abate the commission of an offense that threatens serious bodily injury
or death of students, faculty, or visitors on school premises.
(b) A school marshal may not issue a traffic citation for a violation of Chapter 521,
Transportation Code, or Subtitle C, Title 7, Transportation Code.
(c) A school marshal is not entitled to state benefits normally provided by the
state to a peace officer.
(d) A person may not serve as a school marshal unless the person is:
(1) licensed under Section 1701.260, Occupations Code; and
(2) appointed by the board of trustees of a school district or the governing body
of an open-enrollment charter school under Section 37.0811, Education Code.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 655 (H.B. 1009), Sec. 2, eff. June 14, 2013.
CCP Art. 17.292(l). MAGISTRATES ORDER FOR EMERGENCY
PROTECTION. (a) At a defendant’s appearance before a magistrate after arrest
for an offense involving family violence or an offense under Section 22.011,
22.021, or 42.072, Penal Code, the magistrate may issue an order for emergency
protection on the magistrate’s own motion or on the request of:
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(1) the victim of the offense;
(2) the guardian of the victim;
(3) a peace officer; or
(4) the attorney representing the state.
(b) At a defendant’s appearance before a magistrate after arrest for an offense
involving family violence, the magistrate shall issue an order for emergency
protection if the arrest is for an offense that also involves:
(1) serious bodily injury to the victim; or
(2) the use or exhibition of a deadly weapon during the commission of an
assault.
(c) The magistrate in the order for emergency protection may prohibit the
arrested party from:
(1) committing:
(A) family violence or an assault on the person protected under the order; or
(B) an act in furtherance of an offense under Section 42.072, Penal Code;
(2) communicating:
(A) directly with a member of the family or household or with the person
protected under the order in a threatening or harassing manner; or
(B) a threat through any person to a member of the family or household or to
the person protected under the order;
(3) going to or near:
(A) the residence, place of employment, or business of a member of the
family or household or of the person protected under the order; or
(B) the residence, child care facility, or school where a child protected under
the order resides or attends; or
(4) possessing a firearm, unless the person is a peace officer, as defined by
Section 1.07, Penal Code, actively engaged in employment as a sworn, fulltime
paid employee of a state agency or political subdivision.
(d) The victim of the offense need not be present in court when the order for
emergency protection is issued.
(e) In the order for emergency protection the magistrate shall specifically
describe the prohibited locations and the minimum distances, if any, that the
party must maintain, unless the magistrate determines for the safety of the
person or persons protected by the order that specific descriptions of the
locations should be omitted.
(f) To the extent that a condition imposed by an order for emergency protection
issued under this article conflicts with an existing court order granting possession
of or access to a child, the condition imposed under this article prevails for the
duration of the order for emergency protection.
(f-1) To the extent that a condition imposed by an order issued under this article
conflicts with a condition imposed by an order subsequently issued under
Chapter 85, Subtitle B, Title 4, Family Code, or under Title 1 or Title 5, Family
Code, the condition imposed by the order issued under the Family Code prevails.
(f-2) To the extent that a condition imposed by an order issued under this article
conflicts with a condition imposed by an order subsequently issued under
Chapter 83, Subtitle B, Title 4, Family Code, the condition imposed by the order
issued under this article prevails unless the court issuing the order under Chapter
83, Family Code:
(1) is informed of the existence of the order issued under this article; and
(2) makes a finding in the order issued under Chapter 83, Family Code, that
the court is superseding the order issued under this article.
(g) An order for emergency protection issued under this article must contain the
following statements printed in bold-face type or in capital letters:
“A VIOLATION OF THIS ORDER BY COMMISSION OF AN ACT PROHIBITED
BY THE ORDER MAY BE PUNISHABLE BY A FINE OF AS MUCH AS $4,000
OR BY CONFINEMENT IN JAIL FOR AS LONG AS ONE YEAR OR BY
BOTH. AN ACT THAT RESULTS IN FAMILY VIOLENCE OR A STALKING
OFFENSE MAY BE PROSECUTED AS A SEPARATE MISDEMEANOR OR
FELONY OFFENSE. IF THE ACT IS PROSECUTED AS A SEPARATE FELONY
OFFENSE, IT IS PUNISHABLE BY CONFINEMENT IN PRISON FOR AT
LEAST TWO YEARS. THE POSSESSION OF A FIREARM BY A PERSON,
OTHER THAN A PEACE OFFICER, AS DEFINED BY SECTION 1.07, PENAL
CODE, ACTIVELY ENGAGED IN EMPLOYMENT AS A SWORN, FULL-TIME
PAID EMPLOYEE OF A STATE AGENCY OR POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, WHO
IS SUBJECT TO THIS ORDER MAY BE PROSECUTED AS A SEPARATE
OFFENSE PUNISHABLE BY CONFINEMENT OR IMPRISONMENT.
“NO PERSON, INCLUDING A PERSON WHO IS PROTECTED BY THIS
ORDER, MAY GIVE PERMISSION TO ANYONE TO IGNORE OR VIOLATE ANY
PROVISION OF THIS ORDER. DURING THE TIME IN WHICH THIS ORDER
IS VALID, EVERY PROVISION OF THIS ORDER IS IN FULL FORCE AND
EFFECT UNLESS A COURT CHANGES THE ORDER.”
(h) The magistrate issuing an order for emergency protection under this article
shall send a copy of the order to the chief of police in the municipality where the
member of the family or household or individual protected by the order resides,
if the person resides in a municipality, or to the sheriff of the county where the
person resides, if the person does not reside in a municipality. If the victim of
the offense is not present when the order is issued, the magistrate issuing the
order shall order an appropriate peace officer to make a good faith effort to notify,
within 24 hours, the victim that the order has been issued by calling the victim’s
residence and place of employment. The clerk of the court shall send a copy of
the order to the victim.
(i) If an order for emergency protection issued under this article prohibits a
person from going to or near a child care facility or school, the magistrate shall
send a copy of the order to the child care facility or school.
(j) An order for emergency protection issued under this article is effective on
issuance, and the defendant shall be served a copy of the order in open court.
An order for emergency protection issued under Subsection (a) or (b)(1) of this
article remains in effect up to the 61st day but not less than 31 days after the date
of issuance. An order for emergency protection issued under Subsection (b)(2) of
this article remains in effect up to the 91st day but not less than 61 days after the
date of issuance. After notice to each affected party and a hearing, the issuing
court may modify all or part of an order issued under this article if the court finds
that:
(1) the order as originally issued is unworkable;
(2) the modification will not place the victim of the offense at greater risk than
did the original order; and
(3) the modification will not in any way endanger a person protected under the
order.
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(k) To ensure that an officer responding to a call is aware of the existence and
terms of an order for emergency protection issued under this article, each
municipal police department and sheriff shall establish a procedure within the
department or office to provide adequate information or access to information
for peace officers of the names of persons protected by an order for emergency
protection issued under this article and of persons to whom the order is directed.
The police department or sheriff may enter an order for emergency protection
issued under this article in the department’s or office’s record of outstanding
warrants as notice that the order has been issued and is in effect.
(l) In the order for emergency protection, the magistrate shall suspend a license
to carry a concealed handgun issued under Subchapter H, Chapter 411,
Government Code, that is held by the defendant.(m) In this article:
(1) “Family,” “family violence,” and “household” have the meanings assigned by
Chapter 71, Family Code.
(2) “Firearm” has the meaning assigned by Chapter 46, Penal Code.
(n) On motion, notice, and hearing, or on agreement of the parties, an order for
emergency protection issued under this article may be transferred to the court
assuming jurisdiction over the criminal act giving rise to the issuance of the
emergency order for protection. On transfer, the criminal court may modify all or
part of an order issued under this subsection in the same manner and under the
same standards as the issuing court under Subsection (j).

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 255 (H.B. 570), Sec. 1, eff. June 14,
2013.
EDUCATION CODE
EDC §5.001. DEFINITIONS. In this subchapter:
(1) “Agency” means the Texas Education Agency.
(2) “Classroom teacher” means an educator who is employed by a school
district and who, not less than an average of fours hours each day, teaches
in an academic instructional setting or a career and technology instructional
setting. The term does not include a teacher’s aide or a full-time administrator.

Last amended by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1371 (S.B. 7), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.
EDC §22.081. DEFINITIONS. In this subchapter:
(1) “Department” means the Department of Public Safety.
(2) “National criminal history record information” means criminal history record
information obtained from the department under Subchapter F, Chapter 411,
Government Code, and from the Federal Bureau of Investigation under Section
411.087, Government Code.
(3) “Private school” means a school that:
(A) offers a course of instruction for students in one or more grades from
prekindergarten through grade 12; and
(B) is not operated by a governmental entity.

Last amended by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1372 (S.B. 9), Sec. 6, eff. June 15, 2007.
EDC §37.0811. SCHOOL MARSHALS. (a) The board of trustees of a school
district or the governing body of an open-enrollment charter school may appoint
not more than one school marshal per 400 students in average daily attendance
per campus.
(b) The board of trustees of a school district or the governing body of an openenrollment
charter school may select for appointment as a school marshal under
this section an applicant who is an employee of the school district or openenrollment
charter school and certified as eligible for appointment under Section
1701.260, Occupations Code. The board of trustees or governing body may, but
shall not be required to, reimburse the amount paid by the applicant to participate
in the training program under that section.
(c) A school marshal appointed by the board of trustees of a school district or the
governing body of an open-enrollment charter school may carry or possess a
handgun on the physical premises of a school, but only:
(1) in the manner provided by written regulations adopted by the board of
trustees or the governing body, and
(2) at a specific school as specified by the board of trustees or governing body,
as applicable,
(d) Any written regulations adopted for purposes of Subsection (c) must
provide that a school marshal may carry a concealed handgun as described by
Subsection (c), except that if the primary duty of the school marshal involves
regular, direct contact with students, the marshal may not carry a concealed
handgun but may possess a handgun on the physical premises of a school in a
locked and secured safe within the marshal’s immediate reach when conducting
the marshal’s primary duty. The written regulations must also require that a
handgun carried by or within access of a school marshal may be loaded only with
frangible ammunition designed to disintegrate on impact for maximum safety and
minimal danger to others.
(e) A school marshal may access a handgun under this section only under
circumstances that would justify the use of deadly force under Section 9.32 or
9.33, Penal Code,
(f) A school district or charter school employee’s status as a school marshal
becomes inactive on:
(1) expiration of the employee’s school marshal license under Section
1701.260, Occupations Code.
(2) suspension or revocation of the employee’s license to carry a concealed
handgun issued under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code;
(3) termination of the employee’s employment with the district or charter
school; or
(4) notice from the board of trustees of the district or the governing body of the
charter school that the employee’s services as a school marshal are no longer
required.
(g) The identity of a school marshal appointed under this section is confidential,
except as provided by Section 1701.260(j), Occupations Code, and is not subject
to a request under Chapter 552, Government Code.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 655 (H.B. 1009), Sec. 3, eff. June 14, 2013.
EDC §61.003. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
(1) “Board” means the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board.
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(2) “Public junior college” means any junior college certified by the board in
accordance with Section 61.063 of this chapter.
(3) “General academic teaching institution” means The University of Texas
at Austin; The University of Texas at El Paso; The University of Texas of the
Permian Basin; The University of Texas at Dallas; The University of Texas at
San Antonio; Texas A&M University, Main University; The University of Texas at
Arlington; Tarleton State University; Prairie View A&M University; Texas Maritime
Academy; Texas Tech University; University of North Texas; Lamar University;
Lamar State College–Orange; Lamar State College–Port Arthur; Texas A&M
University–Kingsville; Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi; Texas Woman’s
University; Texas Southern University; Midwestern State University; University
of Houston; University of Texas–Pan American; The University of Texas at
Brownsville; Texas A&M University–Commerce; Sam Houston State University;
Texas State University; West Texas A&M University; Stephen F. Austin State
University; Sul Ross State University; Angelo State University; The University
of Texas at Tyler; and any other college, university, or institution so classified as
provided in this chapter or created and so classified, expressly or impliedly, by
law.
(4) “Public senior college or university” means a general academic teaching
institution as defined above.
(5) “Medical and dental unit” means The Texas A&M University System Health
Science Center and its component institutions, agencies, and programs; the
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center; the Texas Tech University
Health Sciences Center at El Paso; The University of Texas Medical Branch at
Galveston; The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center; The University
of Texas Medical School at San Antonio; The University of Texas Dental
Branch at Houston; The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center;
The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston;
The University of Texas Dental School at San Antonio; The University of Texas
Medical School at Houston; The University of Texas Health Science Center–
South Texas and its component institutions, if established under Subchapter N,
Chapter 74; the nursing institutions of The Texas A&M University System and The
University of Texas System; and The University of Texas School of Public Health
at Houston; and such other medical or dental schools as may be established by
statute or as provided in this chapter.
(6) “Other agency of higher education” means The University of Texas System,
System Administration; Texas Western University Museum; Texas A&M
University System, Administrative and General Offices; Texas Agricultural
Experiment Station; Texas Agricultural Extension Service; Rodent and Predatory
Animal Control Service (a part of the Texas Agricultural Extension Service);
Texas Engineering Experiment Station (including the Texas Transportation
Institute); Texas Engineering Extension Service; Texas Forest Service; Texas
Tech University Museum; Texas State University System, System Administration;
Sam Houston Memorial Museum; Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum; Cotton
Research Committee of Texas; Water Resources Institute of Texas; Texas
Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory; and any other unit, division, institution,
or agency which shall be so designated by statute or which may be established
to operate as a component part of any public senior college or university, or
which may be so classified as provided in this chapter.
(7) “Public technical institute” means the Lamar Institute of Technology or the
Texas State Technical College System.
(8) “Institution of higher education” means any public technical institute, public
junior college, public senior college or university, medical or dental unit, public
state college, or other agency of higher education as defined in this section.
(9) “Governing board” means the body charged with policy direction of any
public technical institute, public junior college, public senior college or university,
medical or dental unit, or other agency of higher education, including but
not limited to boards of directors, boards of regents, boards of trustees, and
independent school district boards insofar as they are charged with policy
direction of a public junior college.
(10) “University system” means the association of one or more public senior
colleges or universities, medical or dental units, or other agencies of higher
education under the policy direction of a single governing board.
(11) “Degree program” means any grouping of subject matter courses which,
when satisfactorily completed by a student, will entitle him to a degree from a
public senior college or university or a medical or dental unit.
(12) “Certificate program” means a grouping of subject-matter courses which,
when satisfactorily completed by a student, will entitle him to a certificate,
associate degree from a technical institute or junior college, or documentary
evidence, other than a degree, of completion of a course of study at the
postsecondary level.
(13) “Recognized accrediting agency” means the Southern Association of
Colleges and Schools and any other association or organization so designated
by the board.
(14) “Educational and general buildings and facilities” means buildings and
facilities essential to or commonly associated with teaching, research, or the
preservation of knowledge, including the proportional share used for those
activities in any building or facility used jointly with auxiliary enterprises.
Excluded are auxiliary enterprise buildings and facilities, including but not limited
to dormitories, cafeterias, student union buildings, stadiums, and alumni centers,
used solely for those purposes.
(15) “Private or independent institution of higher education” includes only a
private or independent college or university that is:
(A) organized under the Texas Non-Profit Corporation Act (Article 1396-1.01 et
seq., Vernon’s Texas Civil Statutes);
(B) exempt from taxation under Article VIII, Section 2, of the Texas
Constitution and Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26
U.S.C. Section 501); and
(C) accredited by:
(i) the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and
Schools;
(ii) the Liaison Committee on Medical Education; or
(iii) the American Bar Association.
(16) “Public state college” means Lamar State College–Orange, Lamar State
College–Port Arthur, or the Lamar Institute of Technology.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 179 (H.B. 1844), Sec. 6, eff. September
1, 2013.
FAMILY CODE
FC §58.003. SEALING OF RECORDS. (m) On request of the Department of
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Public Safety, a juvenile court shall reopen and allow the department to inspect
the files and records of the juvenile court relating to an applicant for a license
to carry a concealed handgun under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government
Code.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1299 (H.B. 2862), Sec. 27, eff.
September 1, 2013.
FC §85.022. REQUIREMENTS OF ORDER APPLYING TO PERSON WHO
COMMITTED FAMILY VIOLENCE. (a) In a protective order, the court may order
the person found to have committed family violence to perform acts specified by
the court that the court determines are necessary or appropriate to prevent or
reduce the likelihood of family violence and may order that person to:
(1) complete a battering intervention and prevention program accredited under
Article 42.141, Code of Criminal Procedure;
(2) beginning on September 1, 2008, if the referral option under Subdivision (1)
is not available, complete a program or counsel with a provider that has begun
the accreditation process described by Subsection (a-1); or
(3) if the referral option under Subdivision (1) or, beginning on September
1, 2008, the referral option under Subdivision (2) is not available, counsel
with a social worker, family service agency, physician, psychologist, licensed
therapist, or licensed professional counselor who has completed family
violence intervention training that the community justice assistance division of
the Texas Department of Criminal Justice has approved, after consultation with
the licensing authorities described by Chapters 152, 501, 502, 503, and 505,
Occupations Code, and experts in the field of family violence.
(a-1) Beginning on September 1, 2009, a program or provider serving as a
referral option for the courts under Subsection (a)(1) or
(2) must be accredited under Section 4A, Article 42.141, Code of Criminal
Procedure, as conforming to program guidelines under that article.
(b) In a protective order, the court may prohibit the person found to have
committed family violence from:
(1) committing family violence;
(2) communicating:
(A) directly with a person protected by an order or a member of the family or
household of a person protected by an order, in a threatening or harassing
manner;
(B) a threat through any person to a person protected by an order or a
member of the family or household of a person protected by an order; and
(C) if the court finds good cause, in any manner with a person protected by
an order or a member of the family or household of a person protected by
an order, except through the party’s attorney or a per¬son appointed by the
court;
(3) going to or near the residence or place of employment or business of a
person protected by an order or a member of the family or household of a
person protected by an order;
(4) going to or near the residence, child-care facility, or school a child protected
under the order normally attends or in which the child normally resides; and
(5) engaging in conduct directed specifically toward a person who is a person
protected by an order or a member of the family or house¬hold of a person
protected by an order, including following the person, that is reasonably likely to
harass, annoy, alarm, abuse, torment, or embarrass the person.
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(6) possessing a firearm, unless the person is a peace officer, as defined by
Section 1.07, Penal Code, actively engaged in employment as a sworn, full-time
paid employee of a state agency or political subdivision.
(c) In an order under Subsection (b)(3) or (4), the court shall specifically describe
each prohibited location and the minimum distances from the location, if any,
that the party must maintain. This subsection does not apply to an order in which
Section 85.007 applies.
(d) In a protective order, the court shall suspend a license to carry a concealed
handgun issued under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, that is
held by a person found to have committed family violence.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 543 (S.B. 555), Sec. 2, eff. September 1,
2013.
HEALTH & SAFETY CODE
HSC §12.092. MEDICAL ADVISORY BOARD; BOARD MEMBERS. (a) The
commissioner shall appoint the medical advisory board members from:
(1) persons licensed to practice medicine in this state, including physicians
who are board certified in internal medicine, psychiatry, neurology, physical
medicine, or ophthalmology and who are jointly recommended by the Texas
Department of Health and the Texas Medical Association; and
(2) persons licensed to practice optometry in this state who are jointly
recommended by the department and the Texas Optometric Association.
(b) The medical advisory board shall assist the Department of Public Safety of
the State of Texas in determining whether:
(1) an applicant for a driver’s license or a license holder is capable of safely
operating a motor vehicle; or
(2) an applicant for or holder of a license to carry a concealed handgun under
the authority of Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, is capable of
exercising sound judgment with respect to the proper use and storage of a
handgun.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1084 (H.B. 3433), Sec. 16, eff. June 14,
2013.
HSC §12.095. BOARD PANELS; POWERS AND DUTIES. (a) If the Department
of Public Safety of the State of Texas requests an opinion or recommendation
from the medical advisory board as to the ability of an applicant or license holder
to operate a motor vehicle safely or to exercise sound judgment with respect
to the proper use and storage of a handgun, the commissioner or a person
designated by the commissioner shall convene a panel to consider the case or
question submitted by that department.
(b) To take action as a panel, at least three members of the medical advisory
board must be present.
(c) Each panel member shall prepare an individual independent written report for
the Department of Public Safety of the State of Texas that states the member’s
opinion as to the ability of the applicant or license holder to operate a motor
vehicle safely or to exercise sound judgment with respect to the proper use and
storage of a handgun, as appropriate. In the report the panel member may also
make recommendations relating to that department’s subsequent action.
(d) In its deliberations, a panel may examine any medical record or report that
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contains material that may be relevant to the ability of the applicant or license
holder.
(e) The panel may require the applicant or license holder to undergo a medical or
other examination at the applicant’s or holder’s expense. A person who conducts
an examination under this subsection may be compelled to testify before the
panel and in any subsequent proceedings under Subchapter H, Chapter 411,
Government Code, or Subchapter N, Chapter 521, Transportation Code, as
applicable, concerning the person’s observations and findings.

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 11.22, eff.
September 1, 2009.
HSC §12.097. CONFIDENTIALITY REQUIREMENTS. (a) All records, reports,
and testimony relating to the medical condition of an applicant or license holder:
(1) are for the confidential use of the medical advisory board, a panel, or the
Department of Public Safety of the State of Texas;
(2) are privileged information; and
(3) may not be disclosed to any person or used as evidence in a trial except as
provided by Subsection (b).
(b) In a subsequent proceeding under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government
Code, or Subchapter N, Chapter 521, Transportation Code, the medical
standards division may provide a copy of the report of the medical advisory board
or panel and a medical record or report relating to an applicant or license holder
to:
(1) the Department of Public Safety of the State of Texas;
(2) the applicant or license holder; and
(3) the officer who presides at the hearing.

Last amended by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146 (H.B. 2730), Sec. 11.22, eff.
September 1, 2009.
HUMAN RESOURCE CODE
HRC §80.001. FINGERPRINTING FOR IDENTIFICATION. (a) A state law
enforcement agency or the law enforcement agency of any political subdivision
of the state shall comply with the request of a person to have a record of his
fingerprints made or a record of the fingerprints of a child or ward of the person
made.
(c) A law enforcement agency may charge a fee not to exceed $10 for the service
provided under this section and may retain records of fingerprints made under
this section.

Last amended by Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 695, Sec. 1, eff. September 1,
1995.
LABOR CODE
LC §52.061. RESTRICTION ON PROHIBITING EMPLOYEE ACCESS TO OR
STORAGE OF FIREARM OR AMMUNITION. A public or private employer may
not prohibit an employee who holds a license to carry a concealed handgun
under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, who otherwise lawfully
possesses a firearm, or who lawfully possesses ammunition from transporting or
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66
storing a firearm or ammunition the employee is authorized by law to possess in
a locked, privately owned motor vehicle in a parking lot, parking garage, or other
parking area the employer provides for employees.

Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1058 (S.B. 321), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2011.
LC §52.062. EXCEPTIONS. (a) Section 52.061 does not:
(1) authorize a person who holds a license to carry a concealed handgun
under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, who otherwise lawfully
possesses a firearm, or who lawfully possesses ammunition to possess a
firearm or ammunition on any property where the possession of a firearm or
ammunition is prohibited by state or federal law; or
(2) apply to:
(A) a vehicle owned or leased by a public or private employer and used by an
employee in the course and scope of the employee’s employment, unless the
employee is required to transport or store a firearm in the official discharge of
the employee’s duties;
(B) a school district;
(C) an open-enrollment charter school, as defined by Section 5.001, Education
Code;
(D) a private school, as defined by Section 22.081, Education Code;
(E) property owned or controlled by a person, other than the employer, that
is subject to a valid, unexpired oil, gas, or other mineral lease that contains a
provision prohibiting the possession of firearms on the property; or
(F) property owned or leased by a chemical manufacturer or oil and gas refiner
with an air authorization under Chapter 382, Health and Safety Code, and
on which the primary business conducted is the manufacture, use, storage,
or transportation of hazardous, combustible, or explosive materials, except
in regard to an employee who holds a license to carry a concealed handgun
under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, and who stores a
firearm or ammunition the employee is authorized by law to possess in a
locked, privately owned motor vehicle in a parking lot, parking garage, or other
parking area the employer provides for employees that is outside of a secured
and restricted area:
(i) that contains the physical plant;
(ii) that is not open to the public; and
(iii) the ingress into which is constantly monitored by security personnel.
(b) Section 52.061 does not prohibit an employer from prohibiting an employee
who holds a license to carry a concealed handgun under Subchapter H, Chapter
411, Government Code, or who otherwise lawfully possesses a firearm, from
possessing a firearm the employee is otherwise authorized by law to possess on
the premises of the employer’s business. In this subsection, “premises” has the
meaning assigned by Section 46.035(f)(3), Penal Code.

Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1058 (S.B. 321), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2011.
LC §52.063. IMMUNITY FROM CIVIL LIABILITY. (a) Except in cases of gross
negligence, a public or private employer, or the employer’s principal, officer,
director, employee, or agent, is not liable in a civil action for personal injury,
death, property damage, or any other damages resulting from or arising out of
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an occurrence involving a firearm or ammunition that the employer is required to
allow on the employer’s property under this subchapter.
(b) The presence of a firearm or ammunition on an employer’s property under the
authority of this subchapter does not by itself constitute a failure by the employer
to provide a safe workplace.
(c) For purposes of this section, a public or private employer, or the employer’s
principal, officer, director, employee, or agent, does not have a duty:
(1) to patrol, inspect, or secure:
(A) any parking lot, parking garage, or other parking area the employer
provides for employees; or
(B) any privately owned motor vehicle located in a parking lot, parking
garage, or other parking area described by Paragraph (A); or
(2) to investigate, confirm, or determine an employee’s compliance with laws
related to the ownership or possession of a firearm or ammunition or the
transportation and storage of a firearm or ammunition.

Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1058 (S.B. 321), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2011.
LC §52.064. CONSTRUCTION OF PROVISION RELATING TO IMMUNITY
FROM CIVIL LIABILITY. Section 52.063 does not limit or alter the personal
liability of:
(1) an individual who causes harm or injury by using a firearm or ammunition;
(2) an individual who aids, assists, or encourages another individual to cause
harm or injury by using a firearm or ammunition; or
(3) an employee who transports or stores a firearm or ammunition on
the property of the employee’s employer but who fails to comply with the
requirements of Section 52.061.

Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1058 (S.B. 321), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2011.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE
LGC §229.001. FIREARMS; EXPLOSIVES. (a) A municipality may not adopt
regulations relating to the transfer, private ownership, keeping, transportation,
licensing, or registration of firearms, ammunition, or firearm supplies.
(b) Subsection (a) does not affect the authority a municipality has under another
law to:
(1) require residents or public employees to be armed for personal or national
defense, law enforcement, or another lawful purpose;
(2) regulate the discharge of firearms within the limits of the municipality;
(3) regulate the use of property, the location of a business, or uses at a
business under the municipality’s fire code, zoning ordinance, or land-use
regulations as long as the code, ordinance, or regulations are not used to
circumvent the intent of Subsection (a) or Subdivision (5) of this subsection;
(4) regulate the use of firearms in the case of an insurrection, riot, or natural
disaster if the municipality finds the regulations necessary to protect public
health and safety;
(5) regulate the storage or transportation of explosives to protect public health
and safety, except that 25 pounds or less of black powder for each private
residence and 50 pounds or less of black powder for each retail dealer are not
subject to regulation; or
(6) regulate the carrying of a firearm by a person other than a person licensed
to carry a concealed handgun under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government
Code, at a:
(A) public park;
(B) public meeting of a municipality, county, or other governmental body;
(C) political rally, parade, or official political meeting; or
(D) nonfirearms-related school, college, or professional athletic event.
(c) The exception provided by Subsection (b)(6) does not apply if the firearm is in
or is carried to or from an area designated for use in a lawful hunting, fishing, or
other sporting event and the firearm is of the type commonly used in the activity.
(d) The exception provided by Subsection (b)(4) does not authorize the seizure
or confiscation of any firearm or ammunition from an individual who is lawfully
carrying or possessing the firearm or ammunition.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1210 (S.B. 1400), Sec. 1, eff. June 14,
2013.
OCCUPATIONS CODE
OCC §1701.001. DEFINITIONS.
(1) “Commission” means the Texas Commission on Law Enforcement.
(2) “County jailer” means a person employed as a county jail guard under
Section 85.005, Local Government Code.
(3) “Officer” means a peace officer or reserve law enforcement officer.
(4) “Peace officer” means a person elected, employed, or appointed as a peace
officer under Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure, or other law.
(5) “Public security officer” means a person employed or appointed as an armed
security officer by this state or a political subdivision of this state. The term
does not include a security officer employed by a private security company that
contracts with this state or a political subdivision of this state to provide security
services for the entity.
(6) “Reserve law enforcement officer” means a person designated as a reserve
law enforcement officer under Section 85.004, or 341.012, Local Government
Code, or Section 60.0775, Water Code.
(7) “Telecommunicator” means a person acknowledged by the commission
and employed by or serving a law enforcement agency that performs law
enforcement services on a 24-hour basis who receives, processes, and
transmits public safety information and criminal justice data for the agency by
using a base radio station on a public safety frequency regulated by the Federal
Communications Commission or by another method of communication.
(8) “School marshal” means a person employed and appointed by the board of
trustees of a school district or the governing body of an open-enrollment charter
school under Article 2.127, Code of Criminal Procedure, and in accordance with
and having the rights provided by Section 37.0811, Education Code.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 655 (H.B. 1009), Sec. 6, eff. June 14,
2013.
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68
TEXAS CONCEALED HANDGUN LAWS
69
OCC §1701.260. TRAINING FOR HOLDERS OF LICENSE TO CARRY
CONCEALED HANDGUN; CERTIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR
APPOINTMENT AS SCHOOL MARSHAL. (a) The commission shall establish
and maintain a training program open to any employee of a school district
or open-enrollment charter school who holds a license to carry a concealed
handgun issued under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code. The
training may be conducted only by the commission staff or a provider approved
by the commission.
(b) The commission shall collect from each person who participates in the
training program identifying information that includes the person’s name, the
person’s date of birth, the license number of the license issued to the person
under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code, and the address of the
person’s place of employment.
(c) The training program shall include 80 hours of instruction designed to:
(1) emphasize strategies for preventing school shootings and for securing the
safety of potential victims of school shootings;
(2) educate a trainee about legal issues relating to the duties of peace officers
and the use of force or deadly force in the protection of others;
(3) introduce the trainee to effective law enforcement strategies and
techniques;
(4) improve the trainee’s proficiency with a handgun; and
(5) enable the trainee to respond to an emergency situation requiring deadly
force, such as a situation involving an active shooter.
(d) The commission, in consultation with psychologists, shall devise and
administer to each trainee a psychological examination to determine whether
the trainee is psychologically fit to carry out the duties of a school marshal in an
emergency shooting or situation involving an active shooter. The commission
may license a person under this section only if the results of the examination
indicate that the trainee is psychologically fit to carry out those duties.
(e) The commission shall charge each trainee a reasonable fee to cover the cost
to the commission of conducting the program. The commission shall charge each
person seeking renewal of a school marshal license a reasonable fee to cover
the cost to the commission of renewing the person’s license.
(f) The commission shall license a person who is eligible for appointment as a
school marshal who:
(1) completes training under this section to the satisfaction of the commission
staff, and
(2) is psychologically fit to carry out the duties of a school marshal as indicated
by the results of the psychological examination administered under this section.
(g) A person’s license under this section expires on the first birthday of the person
occurring after the second anniversary of the date the commission licenses the
person. A renewed school marshal license expires on the person’s birth date, two
years after the expiration date of the previous license.
(h) A person may renew the school marshal license under this section by:
(1) successfully completing a renewal course designed and administered by
the commission, which such license renewal training will not exceed 16 hours
combined of classroom and simulation training;
(2) demonstrating appropriate knowledge on an examination designed and
administered by the commission;
(3) demonstrating handgun proficiency to the satisfaction of the commissions
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70
staff; and
(4) demonstrating psychological fitness on the examination described in
Subsection (d).
(i) The commission shall revoke a person’s school marshal license if the
commission is notified by the Department of Public Safety that the person’s
license to carry a concealed handgun issued under Subchapter H, Chapter 411,
Government Code, has been suspended or revoked. A person whose school
marshal license is revoked may obtain recertification by:
(1) furnishing proof to the commission that the person’s concealed handgun
license has been reinstated, and
(2) completing the initial training under Subsection (c) to the satisfaction
of the commission staff, paying the fee for the training, and demonstrating
psychological fitness on the psychological examination described in
Subsection (d).
(j) The commission shall submit the identifying information collected under
Subsection (b) for each person licensed by the commission under this section to:
(1) the director of the Department of Public Safety;
(2) the person’s employer, if the person is employed by a school district or
open-enrollment charter school;
(3) the chief law enforcement officer of the local municipal law enforcement
agency if the person is employed at a campus of a school district or openenrollment
charter school located within a municipality;
(4) the sheriff of a county if the person is employed at a campus of a school
district or open-enrollment charter school that is not within a municipality; and
(5) the chief administrator of any peace officer commissioned under Section
37.081, Education Code, if the person is employed at a school district that has
commissioned a peace officer under that section.
(k) The commission shall immediately report the expiration or revocation of a
school marshal license to the persons listed in Subsection (j).
(l) Identifying information about a person collected or submitted under this
section is confidential, except as provided by Subsection (j), and is not subject to
disclosure under Chapter 552, Government Code.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 655 (H.B. 1009), Sec. 5, eff. June 14, 2013.
OCC §1701.301. LICENSE REQUIRED. Except as provided by Sections
1701.310 and 1701.311, a person may not appoint a person to serve as an
officer, county jailer, school marshal, or public security officer unless the person
appointed holds an appropriate license issued by the commission.

Last amended by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 968 (H.B. 1951), Sec. 3, eff. January 1,
2014.
OCC §1701.357. WEAPONS PROFICIENCY FOR CERTAIN RETIRED PEACE
OFFICERS AND FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS AND FOR
FORMER RESERVE LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS. (a) This section applies
to:
(1) a peace officer;
(2) a federal criminal investigator designated as a special investigator under
Article 2.122, Code of Criminal Procedure;
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71
(3) a qualified retired law enforcement officer who is entitled to carry a
concealed firearm under 18 U.S.C. Section 926C and is not otherwise described
by Subdivision (1) or (2), and
(4) a former reserve law enforcement officer who served in that capacity not
less than a total of 15 years with one or more state or local law enforcement
agencies.
(b) The head of a state or local law enforcement agency may allow an retired
peace officer an opportunity to demonstrate weapons proficiency if the retired
officer provides to the agency a sworn affidavit stating that:
(1) the officer:
(A) honorably retired after not less than a total of 15 years of service as
a commissioned officer with one or more state or local law enforcement
agencies; or
(B) before completing 15 years of service as a commissioned officer with
one or more state or local law enforcement agencies, separated from
employment with the agency or agencies and is a qualified retired law
enforcement officer, as defined by 18 U.S.C. Section 926C;
(2) the officer’s license as a commissioned officer was not revoked
or suspended for any period during the officer’s term of service as a
commissioned officer; and
(3) the officer has no psychological or physical disability that would interfere
with the officer’s proper handling of a handgun.
(b-1) The head of a state or local law enforcement agency may allow a person
who served as a reserve law enforcement officer as described by Subsection (a)
(4) an opportunity to demonstrate weapons proficiency if the person provides to
the agency a sworn affidavit stating that:
(1) the person served not less than a total of 15 years as a reserve law
enforcement officer with one or more state or local law enforcement agencies;
(2) the person’s appointment as a reserve law enforcement officer was not
revoked or suspended for any period during the person’s term of service: and
(3) the person has no psychological or physical disability that would interfere
with the person’s proper handling of a handgun.
(c) The agency shall establish written procedures for the issuance or denial of a
certificate of proficiency under this section. The agency shall issue the certificate
to a retired officer who satisfactorily demonstrates weapons proficiency under
Subsection (b), provides proof that the officer is entitled to receive a pension or
annuity for service with a state or local law enforcement agency that employed
the retired officer does not offer a pension or annuity to its retired employees,
and satisfies the written procedures established by the agency. The agency shall
issue the certificate to a person described by Subsection (a)(4) who satisfactorily
demonstrates weapons proficiency under Subsection (b-1). The agency shall
maintain records of any person who holds a certificate issued under this section.
(d) A certificate issued under this section expires on the second anniversary of
the date the certificate was issued. A person to whom this section applies may
request an annual evaluation of weapons proficiency and issuance of a certificate
of proficiency as needed to comply with applicable federal or other laws.
(j) On request of a person described by Subsection (a)(4) who holds a certificate
of proficiency under this section, the head of the state or local law enforcement
agency at which the person last served as a reserve law enforcement officer
shall issue to the person identification that indicates the person’s status. An
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72
identification under this subsection must include a photograph of the person.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1080 (H.B. 3370), Sec. 2, eff. September 1,
2013.
PARKS AND WILDLIFE CODE
PWC §62.081. WEAPONS PROHIBITED. Except as provided in Section
62.082 of this code, no person may hunt with, possess, or shoot a firearm, bow,
crossbow, slingshot, or any other weapon on or across the land of the Lower
Colorado River Authority.

Added by Acts 1975, 64th Leg., p. 1405, ch. 545, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 1975.
PWC §62.082. TARGET RANGES, MANAGED HUNTS AND OTHER
EXCEPTIONS; RULES.
(d) Section 62.081 does not apply to:
(1) an employee of the Lower Colorado River Authority;
(2) a person authorized to hunt under Subsection (c);
(3) a peace officer as defined by Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure; or
(4) a person who:
(A) possesses a concealed handgun and a license issued under Subchapter
H, Chapter 411, Government Code, to carry a concealed handgun; or
(B) under circumstances in which the person would be justified in the use of
deadly force under Chapter 9, Penal Code, shoots a handgun the person is
licensed to carry under Subchapter H, Chapter 411, Government Code.
(e) A state agency, including the department, the Department of Public Safety,
and the Lower Colorado River Authority, may not adopt a rule that prohibits a
person who possesses a license issued under Subchapter H, Chapter 411,
Government Code, from entering or crossing the land of the Lower Colorado
River Authority while:
(1) possessing a concealed handgun; or
(2) under circumstances in which the person would be justified in the use of
deadly force under Chapter 9, Penal Code, shooting a handgun.

Last amended Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 11, eff. June 14,
2013. by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1302 (H.B. 3142), Sec. 11, eff. June 14, 2013.
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Texas Department of Public Safety
Austin, Texas

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